Unit 1 Intro to Ideologies - Lesson 1

so what's your ideology well it's your accepted beliefs about how the way the world works one part is how you see the nature of men are we naturally mean or are we naturally kind and others your interpretation the past do you see it as the good old days what about your vision of the future is it going to be a futuristic utopia or a dark Armageddon filled with war your ideology also looks at what you believe should be the role of government should we have a goal or should we be controlled in a nutshell it's what influences our decisions it's what you believe to be true so there's things that influence what we do what your ideology will be those influences on your ideology include culture language media your relationship to the land in the environment your gender spirituality religion does this list sound familiar they should we discussing the social ten as the influence of your ideology relating to be global ization it also relates to the list you are given in social twenty-four the ideological support of nationalism don't forget your family can also play a major role in your ideology because they're the ones that expose you to a lot of these influences we're going to be talking about ideologies for the rest of the semester and we usually talk about them in terms of spectrums that's because we often identify someone's ideology by comparing them to the beliefs of others all ideologies are on a continuum because some people are a little more to the right some people are a little more to the left so when we talk about ideologies those on the left wing they want more government intervention in your life that's because they want to encourage cooperation and economic equality it can go as extreme as those radical revolutionaries who are willing to use violence in order to create a society based on equality but then we move closer to the middle and we have those democratic socialists who want to see greater equality but not at the expense of human rights those just left of center are considered modern liberals they love the ideas of freedom but they also see the need for some government control in order to make sure everyone has equal opportunities there's a really great emphasis on the liberal idea of freedom requiring government protection of rights for example the legalization of same-sex marriage okay now for the right wing if you're on the right you want to I want to be treated equally by giving individual rights and freedoms but that doesn't include economic equality this individualist ideology beliefs competition between two individuals or companies is the best way for society to succeed so as we move away from the middle of the spectrum there's going to be less support for government involvement for example less support for government-funded health care or unemployment insurance this is known as classical liberalism because the ideas emerged a few hundred years ago the supporters of this ideology are more traditional or conservative and they turn away from liberal ideas of freedom of choice so neoconservatives would be opposed to the legalization of same-sex marriage if you go all the way to the extreme you're going to pass by the fascists who have government control to help the elite achieve individual success to the reactionaries who want to return to a traditional society that could be seen as extreme this group is willing to use violence to enforce their traditional ideas like the Taliban did in Afghanistan in the 1990s I got a couple more things to point out to you about the spectrum you need to be aware of when you're discussing economics which relates to money and resources and when you're focused on politics which relates to the power being held by the people or an elite group because there's terms that are specific to each while a socialist ideology can be both political and economic we're usually referring to economics when we use the term for example a socialist program like universal health care the imposing economics term would be capitalism which is always an economic term for example owning a private business as well when we're trying to define a political system democracy which gives the power to the people is actually straddling the middle zone while dictatorships which puts power in the hands of the elite can actually exist on both the right and left hand sides of the spectrum that's why a lot of protesters will look really foolish if they say the Prime Minister is a fascist communist that doesn't make sense it's two different sides of the political spectrum so if we're talking about capitalism if you're supposed to be discussing political control or talking about democracy if you're supposed to be discussing economic factors unless you're confident you've actually clearly linked them in a way that makes sense and finally remember individuals groups nation-states they all have aspects of one ideology while supporting ideology that could be on the opposite side of the spectrum that's why it is a spectrum if you look at all the beliefs and actions do they fit more to the right to the left or in the middle you

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