The United States of America – summary of the country’s history

We begin in 1750 in North America. It’s been 150 years since settlers from Western
Europe, mostly fleeing poverty, famine, or religious and political persecution, first
arrived on the continent. Their arrival came at the expense of millions of native Americans who lived there for thousands of years, mostly in tribes. On the East Coast, Great Britain has established
colonies inhabited by 1.5 million people. The northern regions depend mainly on fishing
and trade, while in the south, the climate is ideal for growing products such as tobacco, rice and cotton. Rich landowners – called the Planters – seize
vast territories that they exploit by buying slaves from Africa, via the triangular trade. Further west, the Appalachian mountains form
a natural boundary. Beyond it, is the vast French colony, which lives mainly off the fur trade. Tensions rise between the French and British
colonies. When the Seven Years’ War breaks out in Europe, Britain dominates and takes hold of New France. Native American tribes living there unite
to demand the departure of the British and the recognition of their own state. To calm the situation, the British government
hurriedly carves out an Indian reservation between the Appalachians, the Mississippi
River and the Great Lakes. This does not please the colonists who wanted to seize the opportunity to extend their territories to the west. In addition, war proves costly for Britain. The country expects its colonies to repay
part of its debts through new taxes, which further angers the settlers. In Boston, in protest of taxes on tea, colonists
disguised as Native Americans climb on board British East India Company ships and throw
out its tea cargo into the ocean. With the situation tense, representatives
from 12 colonies gather in Philadelphia to organize the First Continental Congress. They decide to boycott British goods. The following year, the War of Independence
breaks out, pitting the insurgents — also called the patriots — against the British
and its loyalists. On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress proclaims the independence of the United States of America. France sees an opportunity to avenge its defeat
in the Seven Years’ War. Having invested heavily in its military fleet, the country has the means to compete with the Royal Navy. France allies with the patriots. Spain and the United Provinces of the Netherlands,
in turn, go to war against Great Britain. In 1783, the patriots prevail, forcing Britain
to recognize the independence of the country. The United States receives territories until
Mississippi, while Spain seizes Florida. This marks the first time a European colony
gains independence. The United States adopts a constitution based
on a strict separation of powers. The legislative power formed by Congress passes
laws and budgets, the judiciary with the Supreme Court upholds the constitution, and finally there is the executive power with the US president, the head of government. On the other hand, the 13 states retain sovereignty
with their own constitution and governor. It was decided to build the new capital, Washington,
along the Potomac River. In the West, each new territory with at least
60,000 free citizens would be allowed to form a new state equal to the others. Pioneers set off to relocate there, pushing back Amerindian tribes further west of the Mississippi River. In 1800, France obtained Louisiana from Spain
in exchange for the kingdom of Etruria. But it proves difficult to protect this vast,
far-away & relatively less known territory. Fearing the loss of Louisiana to the United
Kingdom in war, France decides to sell the region to the United States. Congress then funds expeditions to explore
and reach the Pacific Ocean. In Europe, France and the UK clash again. The United States first tries to remain neutral,
but following tensions with Britain, enters the war. It fails in a bid to invade the colony of
Canada, as a British maritime raid reaches Washington and burns the city. At the end of the war, the United States abandons
its ambitions in the north and focuses on the south where the Spanish Empire is in decline. A military incursion in Florida allows — after
negotiations — the annexation of the territory. In the West, Oregon is shared with the United
Kingdom. East of the Mississippi, five Amerindian tribes
are adapted to the settlers’ sedentary and agrarian lifestyle, but Congress nevertheless
decides to take over the land and pushes the natives to a reserve west of the Mississippi. Thousands die of exhaustion on the way. In Mexico, Texas, which is populated mainly by settlers from the United States, declares its independence. After a war, the Republic of Texas is created
and in 1845 is annexed to the United States. But as the border is poorly defined, both
countries are at war. The United States prevails and takes the opportunity
to annex New Mexico and California, where the discovery of gold causes a rush that attracts
hundreds of thousands of pioneers of all origins. With the land route proving dangerous, private funds are invested in the construction of a railway in Panama. The state of California is admitted, which
does not have slavery. Southern states are largely agrarian, and have slavery; while Northern states are industrial and abolitionist. Both sides wish to extend their model to the new western states, causing the gap between them to widen. In 1860, Abraham Lincoln, who is hostile to
slavery, is elected president of the country. In response, southern states secede from the
United States one by one and band together to proclaim the Confederate States of America. Then begins the Civil War which pits the Unionists
of the North against the Confederates of the South. The North sets up a maritime blockade on the
Atlantic coast, cutting out any potential support from Europe and blocking cotton exports. In 1865, the North prevails and takes the
opportunity to impose its policies. Slavery is abolished, and 3.5 million slaves
are freed. But African-Americans are now victims of segregation
and racism, especially through the emergence of Ku Klux Klan, a white supremacist organization. Many migrate to the North, while others move
to cities. The Russian Empire fears losing Alaska to
Britain, so chooses to sell the territory to the United States. To accelerate its conquest of the West, the government finances the construction of transcontinental railway lines. In the center of the country, the invention
of new machinery allows intensive agriculture. Vast plantations of wheat, corn and large
pastures are set up at the expense of the last 250,000 Amerindians who are kept on reserves. On the other hand, the rich soil allows rapid
development of industry. The old continent, Europe, now views the United
States as an El Dorado. Fleeing poverty and religious persecution,
many Southern and Eastern Europeans migrate to the United States where they work as cheap
labor. But the economic boom only benefits a minority. An elite group of industrialists grows rich
quickly by establishing monopolies in sectors such as steel, railways, oil and banks at
the expense of workers and peasants, including women and children working in harsh conditions. Strikes and protests erupt demanding better
conditions, but these are often met with violence by private militias or the National Guard. While European powers colonize a large part
of the world, the United States also looks to project its power on the international
scene. While annexing Hawaii in the middle of the
Pacific, the country turns to Cuba where there is a revolt against the Spanish. The United States supports Cuban independentists. After the mysterious explosion of a US Navy
ship in the port of Havana, war breaks out between Spain and the United States. The United States wins, obtains the independence of Cuba and seizes Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. The country thus becomes a colonial power. In Colombia, a French company begins construction
of a canal that would connect the two oceans, greatly shortening the journey between the
US East and west Coast. The United States buys the project and then
intervenes to support the independence of Panama. In return, the new government of Panama offers
the United States a strip of land, which helps complete the construction of the canal, inaugurated in 1914. In Europe, World War I begins. With workers and peasants on the frontlines,
industry on the continent slows down. The US industry takes advantage of this and
— despite the country’s neutrality in the war — sells on credit ammunition, food, clothes
and automobiles to the Entente countries. In response, Germany tries to impose a maritime
blockade by sinking merchant ships in British waters. In 1917, a German telegram destined for Mexico
is intercepted, proposing a military alliance against the United States. This pushes the United States to go to war
on the side of the Entente, and 2 million soldiers are sent to European fronts. 116,000 soldiers lose their lives. After the victory of the Entente, Europe finds
itself indebted to the United States. The economy of the US prospers. In factories, improvements in the assembly
line cause production to skyrocket and decrease prices. The rise in purchasing power and credit results
in a boom for the sale of cars, all kinds of appliances, and bank shares. Hollywood becomes a major industry with global
influence. Thanks to the sale of radios, music genres
such as jazz become popular. In New York mainly, night clubs open, stimulating
the sale of alcohol. The more conservative government tries to
stem the phenomenon by voting for prohibition, forbidding the production, transport or sale
of alcohol. In response, thousands of speakeasies spring
up throughout the country. Mafia networks seize the market and get rich
quickly. Meanwhile, the South misses out on this wave
of prosperity. Falling prices for agricultural products plunge
the region into poverty. The Ku Klux Klan comes back into prominence, this time also targeting Catholics, Jews and immigrants in addition to African-Americans. The organization reaches 5 million members,
and is then banned after several lynching episodes. In 1929, the Wall Street Stock Market crash
takes place. The US economy collapses. In a few short years, a string of bankruptcies
of companies and banks pushes a quarter of the active population into unemployment. Prohibition is lifted, and steps are taken to try to revive the economy and improve working conditions. In Europe, World War II breaks out. The United States, although officially neutral,
prepares for war by reinstating military service. In addition, the country sells arms mainly
to the United Kingdom and the USSR. In the Pacific Ocean, in order to curb the
expansion of imperialist Japan allied to Nazi Germany, the United States imposes upon the
country an embargo on steel and oil. In response, Japan launches a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, causing the United States to enter the war. The country secretly embarks upon a research
program to create the atomic bomb. In 1945, the Allies overcome Germany. The USSR and the United States then unite
against Japan. A ground invasion by the Soviets and the two
atomic bombs dropped by the United States on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki force
Japan to surrender. At the end of the war, the United States supports
the creation of the United Nations whose primary role is to maintain peace and security in
the world. Europe finds itself in ruins and is exhausted
by war. The United States and the USSR emerge as the
two great world powers. After World War II, the USSR and the United
States try and peddle their influence in Europe. The United States implements the Marshall
Plan, while the Soviet Union supports pro-communist governments in Eastern countries. The old continent is found divided by the
Iron Curtain. The USSR and the United States engage in a cold war — that is an arms race without direct confrontation. The US, largely spared the ravages of war
on its territory, has an industrial, economic and military advantage. Inside the country, federal officials sympathetic
to communist ideas are dismissed. Hollywood is also used to churn out anti-communist
propaganda. On the global arena, the country employs an
interventionist policy, aimed at stemming at all costs the spread of communism. The US intervenes in Greece, China, and engages
its military in Korea and Vietnam. The Soviet Union, for its part, invests heavily
to catch up with the US. After developing atomic weapons of its own,
it becomes the first country to send a satellite into orbit, and further outdoes itself by
sending the first man into space. The United States then launches the Apollo
program which aims to send the first astronaut to the Moon. In Cuba, an attempt to overthrow the new communist
government fails. The Soviet Union takes advantage to ally with
the country, and installs nuclear missiles on its territory, pointed at the United States. Tensions build to a point where it seemed
a third world war was imminent. However, an accord is reached between the two world powers, resulting in the USSR withdrawing from Cuba. Within the country, more and more civil rights
movements gain momentum, forcing the government to review its social policies. African-Americans begin non-violent actions
to combat segregation. More and more women enter the workforce and
demand equal pay. Native Americans also fight for better conditions. Moreover, with the US at war in Vietnam, students
and hippie pacifist movements call for peace. In 1969, the country sends the first man to
the moon. Worldwide, millions of viewers watch the event
live on their television. On the global arena, the United States tries
to ease tensions. It begins diplomatic rapprochement with China,
and signs agreements with the USSR to limit the global arms race. In the Middle East, the US supports Israel
in the Yom Kippur War, for which it is then subject to an oil embargo imposed by OPEC countries. In Vietnam, after negotiations, the United
States withdraws their army. Two years later, the Communists prevail in
the country, tarnishing the image of the United States. The USSR takes this opportunity to intensify
its international policy. The country occupies Afghanistan, and in reaction the United States provides militarily support to the Mujahideen. In Central America, US also intervenes in Nicaragua and Guatemala to counter communist revolutions. Iran, after a revolution, becomes an Islamic
republic that goes against US policy. The latter strengthens its military presence
in the Middle East to ensure the security of oil supply. On the Soviet side, the USSR struggles to
contain the revolutions in Eastern Europe. With its economy in tatters, despite attempts
at reform, in 1991, the USSR collapses, marking the end of the Cold War. The United States emerges as the only major
world power. Domestically, the population calls for more
investment in the fight against poverty, crime, gangs and drugs. However, the US continues to primarily focus
on its foreign policy, showing an apparent willingness to become the world’s policeman of sorts. When Iraq invades Kuwait, which then held
9% of the known oil reserves in the world, the United States forms a coalition and neutralizes
the Iraqi army. The US then establishes a list of countries considered as rogue and threatening global peace and stability. These nations are subjected to blockades and
embargoes. Meanwhile, the military presence of an ally
of Israel in the Middle East bothers radical Islamists, including the terrorist group Al
Qaeda headed by Osama bin Laden, who is a former ally from the Afghan war. US facilities and assets around the world
are targeted by terrorist attacks. On September 11, 2001, the United States becomes
the victim of a large-scale terrorist attack on its territory. Terrorism thus becomes the new enemy of the
country. But it proves more difficult to fight this
war as terrorist organizations operate discreetly in mobile networks without borders. Having launched a war against the Taliban
in Afghanistan, the US hardens its stance against North Korea, Iran and Iraq, which it considers part of an “Axis of Evil”. A new war is launched against Iraq, but US
troops – after quickly overthrowing the government – find themselves fighting against several
terrorist groups in the region. In 2007, the subprime mortgage shock, followed
by the financial crisis plunges the global economy into turmoil. The country tries to revive its economy, among
other measures, by boosting the extraction of shale oil on its territory. Today the interventionist policy of the country
is increasingly countered by rising powers such as Russia and China. The United States, however, remains the most
powerful economy and military in the world.

  1. Ok ok people can someone tell me how does this help me get a job it's not like you apply to a job and be like hey I know all the capital names of every single state
    Can I get a raise ?? Math Necessary science huh do i really REALLY need it?
    And history seriously ?? Come on elders teach us how to fucking MAKE MONEY
    FINANCIAL EDUCATION how to do my fucking taxes myself, , financial accounting , business management, actives and passives. I feel like I waisted all those years in middle and high school for nada
    I'm 27 now and I'm learning what I really had to learn in school here and there on my own honestly on my personal opinion
    The Education system it's a total fraud
    I don't know what's worst loosing your life to drug addiction or living this ilusions this system puts for us to believe in .

  2. So the colonizers killed 150 million Indians, if anyone did not know. Twice as much as died in the entire second world war.

  3. USA think using trade war would break China economic growth but she did not know China is and was a kingdom depend on farming, the people can go back to their origin and continue their living. To talk about military, we are developing updated and the five eyes can do nothing on us

  4. L'Unione degli Stati ha dato forza alle popolazioni disgregate dalle Religioni sono causa di miseria e disperazione

  5. America is a huge nation with the world's most powerful influence. So I want you to use that superpower peacefully

  6. World history from the beginning of time has been about conquest and empires starting with Babylon which was conquered by the Medes and Persians, which were conquered by the Greeks, which were conquered by the Romans. The books of Daniel and Ezekiel. We are still under control of the unholy Roman Empire , but that is hidden through the United Nations. The president of the United States is not the most powerful man, it is the pope. Why is the Vatican it's own country and have a seat at the United Nations if it is only concerned about religion.

  7. I think US has the most geographical advantage.

    => In the East its Atlantic Ocean to connect Europe.
    => In the West its Pacific Ocean to connect Asia.

    India also has such Advantage, If India Don't break like USSR, India must overtake China & US very soon.

    India Has-

    =>In the east Bay of Bengal(the largest bay).
    => In the South the Indian Ocean.
    => In the West Arabian Sea.

    India is surrounded by the Himalayan mountain range in Chinese Border. Pakistan & Bangladesh will not be threat if India maintain good relations with them.

    Thanks for the informative video.
    Love All Nations from Bangladesh.

  8. 18th century: Europeans stole the land from native Americans.
    21st century: Africans and Latinos steal the land from the Europeans.
    22nd century: Russians and Chinese invade and steal the land from the Africans and Latinos.
    23rd century: Muslims convert everyone in America into Islam.

    Plot twist: The Jews are still controlling the world.

  9. Start out "at the expense of millions of native Americans" that a ridiculous statement on numerous levels. To start millions? No one knows how many people were here. Also, a huge percentage benefited and assimilated into America. No need to watch something that starts out so asinine.

  10. The United shits of America is only 300 years old……does not have any real roots or origin……just a combination of shitty communities at odd with each others.

  11. This is confirmed, not a conspiracy: Us bombed their own ship, (the Maine), so they could attack SpainCuba. Known as a false flag attack. Many died.

  12. Most of Florida was much earlier from Spain. They made the first European settlement there in St Agustine 1565. Video should have started earlier in time.

  13. Hello? Yes, you.

    Remember you are beautiful, worthy of love and full of potential.

    Never lose hope and keep giving your best. You're AWESOME ❤️

  14. Abraham Lincoln didnt have a problem with slavery at all actually. Just a little thing I found wrong in the video.

  15. In my opinion, the United States of America is the most popular country in the entire world. It is not necessarily the best but I honestly, I don't know which country is the best in terms of measurements such as economic, social, geographical location, opportunities and etc. And again I certainly believe there are better countries than The US of A but certainly the country is up on the list.

  16. Predators of the whole world, now that land is lacking

    to their thirst for total devastation, they also go to search the sea: greedy if

    the enemy is rich, arrogant if poor, people who neither the East nor the West

    they can satisfy; they alone crave to possess riches with equal eagerness and

    misery. They steal, massacre, rob and, with a false name, call it empire;

    finally, where they made the desert, they call it peace

  17. Oh I thought that the same period in your room is go home after work to you the first it's been on that list is to you the most important thing in a it is to see you soon,the more about it is to use a the most common cause he said.and then there were none,but they will have the first to you later on phone and a it the most effective,which are often not only is go with me think the first and only online store is the best and brightest poop and I will get to know what the same period in your car 🚗and is a big difference between mobile devices that would work best way that you have the option in this the same as the same time tomorrow is fine but it came with you have been on my way back home,I am ok for you have been able too many of them have any other way,which are it's been on here in a different?if not it's a different story.I'm to the best list,the first to comment what you know how list,the first half and do something fun and I will call in other states and a the same period,it would list,the only it's not only did the most effective in your own home and do something about the most common in your own words and then you can find some of course to see what I was thinking of me and do you have any other questions or to a

  18. Crazy how the U.S is the most prosperous country of all time and it is younger than most of the other countries.

  19. I need more on the NATIVE AMERICANS! They weren't just quietly pushed out of their land! Native Americans population was 50+million before the immigrants forced their way in and spread their disease and massacred the rest of the citizens

  20. You totally miss the point on taxes starting the revolution.  It wasn't about taxes, but who had the right to impose taxes on them.  The real fight was over Great Britain taxing the colonies without their consent.  They referred to it as "Taxation without Representation".  I truly believe that if Parliament recognized the Continental Congress, and gave them the authority to raise taxes, and a bill, that the territory that became United States would still be under the Union Jack.

  21. Are we just gonna ignore the Korean war….kinda a big deal since we still are technically at war with North Korea.

  22. You didn't talk about the Turkey issue during the cold war that was why the soviets set up in cuba because usa set up nukes in turkey

  23. A 'summary' of North American History that's has shallow as it is incorrect. Obviously, this moron has access to the internet – perhaps he should do some actual research.

  24. Spain kept the British army occupied by conquering, under the command of Governor Bernardo de Galvez, all the British forts in Pensacola. He helped with thousands of muskets, gunpowder, bullets, uniforms, blankets and medicines to the war effort of the rebels. He paid with the contributions of Spanish merchants from Cuba and Puerto Rico, the expenses of the French Fleet that did not want to continue with the campaign if the Americans did not obtain more money to pay the sailors and repair the ships. Finally, once independence was obtained, the USA never returned the debt it had with Spain valued at more than 3 million dollars at the time. Nor did he recognize the help given by Spain during his independence until very recently, nor was that fact studied in history classes.
    As thanks, the USA declared war on Spain in 1898 to keep the territories of Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Philippines. The same as a century before, financed its independence. Thanks, Americans.

  25. 4:39. Sir, why didn't you mention that York was also burned, which lead to the burning of Washington DC?

  26. 6:25. Abe Lincoln wasn't hostile to slavery, he just wanted to contain it. This meant that the southern states could keep the institution, and it was 2 years into the war that Abe Lincoln decided to fight to end slavery.


  28. I just want to let you guys know. A USSR military official who is Armenian is the reason you are alive today. He is the reason world war 3 didn't take place because he said in the last minute to withdraw the bombs. So thank him for the reason we are alive.

  29. The US is still a young nation in terms of land occupancy. I Think they are just a type of an experiment project of the Europeans just gone bad that the creation fights back it's creator.

  30. yeah. although THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is not a starry name (there are only two names that are worse- EGYPT, of course, and UNITED SOVIET SOCIALISTS REPUBLIC. and half starry names aren't good; names that are lukewarm), I was born there- THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is a mystery. I don't know how to describe the place….

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