The 12: Unit 4 - Ideologies and Beliefs



citizen you.org percents we are here to deliver a Kremen for your exam in 12 easy sessions today's finding American political ideologies and believes that stuff to say ideologies and beliefs say that 10 times we've got about 10 big tips for you in this unit and we're really talking about America's unique political culture how its formed how its measured and what it means for a political process so first let's just talk a little bit about you know what are Americans attitudes about government well they're we're talking about founding ideals and principles including individualism the the equality of opportunity the idea of free enterprise those are key principles that underlie our Constitution and this is all part of our political culture it's part of our demographics some of your teachers maybe talk about zip code as destiny and II our beliefs about our government may not just be about issues it's about who we are where we were raised and our fundamental issues tend to be individualism equality of opportunity all these issues that are bipartisan and then when we talk about how we acquire these beliefs we get in this concept of political socialization political socialization is the process by which we acquire beliefs about culture our beliefs about ideology what parties we choose and we know that in the in the United States family is still the number one source of our political socialization but in addition to these family influences and we know how demographics influence our socialization demographics like gender race religious preference income education levels where we live for goodness sakes all of these factors influence the way we think politically and we also know events can in flow it's our ideology and our beliefs we know that for many students 9/11 and the after-effects of foreign policy after 9/11 have influence on ideology we know that globalization in the idea of American economics competing with other countries spread of products spread of ideas also effect ideology new technologies Instagram influences our politics go figure but Andy how do we know all this we measure it through scientific public opinion polls how do you do what how do you take what makes it scientific the key part of a scientific opinion poll is always the random sample that you are questioning what's called the universe everybody that is potentially the opinion that you want to measure but then within that universe you anybody could be theoretically randomly selected to question that's the random sample that's the basis of a scientific opinion of course I like to look also at the question and how its asked who's paying for the poll the sample error what sample error can you explain that huh no what sample error is also known as margin of error and this is the idea that every poll has a built in a window of error and if you have a what's the acceptable number well if you have a margin of error or plus or minus 3% typically 3% is seen as a fairly valid poll that means that that approval number might be three percent higher than published or it might be three percent lower than published that's the margin of error otherwise known as the sampling error Andy there are different types of polls we've been talking about the public opinion poll but we also have tracking polls we have exit polls we have push poll yes which polls are not scientific push polls are essentially those robocalls Oh telemarketer calls that are meant to almost be a negative advertising pushing us toward a certain opinion rather than actually measuring our opinion so an exit poll is just surveying how people have voted once they leave the polling place in a tracking poll is that scorekeeper role we're tracking whether or not these candidates can win or not hey let's talk about ideology ideology of our two main political parties in the United States the Democrats and the Republicans let's keep it simple Republicans are conservative and Democrats are liberal what's that mean dance because I think we could look at liberal and conservative from a couple different perspectives socially liberals in the United States tend to be in favor of personal choice issues freedom of choice freedom of choice and abortion drug use or as conservatives want a more traditional moralistic approach to rules about abortion and drugs on social issues and then you have economic issues where traditionally conservatives want less government influence on our economic choices laissez-faire capitalism if you will whereas liberals in the United States economically they want more rules and regulations to restrict business practices particularly to help the marginalized or to reduce pollution and the effects of greenhouse gases and and these are important labels I always like to just simply say that conservatives tend to look back liberals tend to look forward but you've got to make sure you understand that what role should government play conservatives less role in the economy more role in social liberals more role in the economy less role in the social and he these are important labels that give us a heuristic a shortcut when we go vote because it's too complicated to know everything else and this is why American political ideologies and beliefs are so important because it's the bedrock of our participation and we see those ideologies and policymaking particularly when it comes to balancing our individual liberties with social orders and again since 9/11 as we've grappled with how far do we want national security operations going and prying in the digital messages of suspected terrorists this is where we debate the individual liberties versus maintaining social order and yeah I'll never forget when Alexis de Tocqueville visited America in 1830 and he was asked what is it that makes American democracy so strong the institution's oh no it's that unique political culture right and remember that you see ideologies coming into economic policy as well liberals tend to support more government spending more sometimes deficit spending Xion Kensie and policy or the traditional conservative supports smaller budget deficits more free-market principles traditional conservatives tend to be against tariffs and more for the free trade of goods across borders American beliefs ideologies how important to this course were the two teachers no fancy words so fancy plain talk about issues just




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