LEARN ADVANCED ENGLISH – How to Talk About Canadian Politics

Hey there I’m Dana from Can Learn
English in this lesson I’m going to walk you through the electoral process in
Canada I’ll teach you the terms we use to talk about voting elections and
politics in Canada this lesson will help you to better understand the electoral
process and this is important because elected officials make decisions that
affect everyone who calls Canada home and even those who plan on living in
Canada in the future understanding how all of this works will help you to feel
more integrated and more a part of the community that you’re living in so let’s
get started with the lesson October 21st is an election day in
Canada on the state Canadians will elect a new government and possibly even a new
prime minister so when this day comes Canadians
all across Canada will head to their local polling station now a polling
station is a place it’s a building usually in a school or in a community
center that is temporarily set up for the purposes of this election these
polling stations are staffed by poll workers and it’s their job to do the
whole set up and to hand out ballots now a ballot is a piece of paper always a
piece of paper in Canadian federal and provincial elections and this is where
Canadians will mark who they want to vote for now the names on this ballot
will be candidates who are running for a position in government where the voter
lives this area is called a riding and this is a geographical region that is
represented by a politician there are 338 ridings in Canada these are also known as electorial districts and
they’re usually named after the community where they are so for example
I vote in London North Center this is my political riding the candidates that
the voter chooses from are usually associated with a political party and
how a political party is a group of individuals who share the same thoughts
and ideologies on how the government should be run Canada has a two-party
Plus system this means that historically federal politics have been dominated by
two major parties and then there has been several other smaller parties
involved as well the two main parties are the Liberal Party of Canada and
center-left meaning they advocate for more social reform and a more involved
government then you have the Conservative Party of Canada which is
that center-right so they would advocate for more traditional values and maybe
less government involvement since the 1980s there’s been a third place party
on the scene this is the New Democratic Party of Canada and they sit further
left than the Liberal Party there’s also a fourth place party this is the Bloc
Québécois they were partying out of Quebec and
they advocate for Quebec separatism and then finally we have the Green Party of
Canada this is an environmental party but they’ve only ever won one seat in an
election you can identify these parties by their colours the Liberal Party is
red the Conservative Party uses the color blue the New Democratic Party uses
orange the Bloc Québécois also use blue and then the Green Party
of course uses green and you might see if you’re in Canada right now the
Canadians will show which candidate they’re supporting in which party they
support by placing a sign on their front lawn out
out of their house this is very common no each political party will have a
leader and this leader is chosen by the party members to represent the party and
eventually become prime minister if the party wins it’s the leaders job to
formulate the party policy and decide where the party stands on current issues
of the day Justin Trudeau is the leader of the Liberal Party Andrew Sheer is the
leader of the Conservative Party the Jagmeet Singh is the leader of the NDP
party an Elizabeth May is the leader of the Green Party so on the 21st when the
polls close when it’s over the poll workers will count the ballots and the
candidate with the most number of ballots cast for them will win and they
will win the seat in the House of Commons they will represent their riding
in Ottawa now which political party they’re associated with also matters
because the party that has the most candidates present in the House of
Commons will make up the government and their leader will become Prime Minister
now this can happen in a couple different ways in 2015 the Liberal Party
won one hundred and eighty four votes the Conservative Party won 99 the NDP
144 the bloc québécois 110 and the Green Party won one so the Liberals 184 votes
was larger than the sum of all the other parties so they won a majority
government but say this time if the all the other parties have more seats but
the Liberals still have the most than they will win a minority government and
when this happens the different parties have to work together to get things done
now it’s too early to tell how Canadians will load on the 21st a lot of Canadian
news agencies are saying that the Liberals and the Conservatives are
neck-and-neck meaning it’s a very close race we’re not sure who will win but
it’s politics and things can change on almost a daily basis if you’d like to
keep learning English with me then you can check out the can learn English
podcast this is a weekly podcast that I produce for intermediate upper
intermediate and advanced students each week we explore an expression in English
and I also include stories and information about Canada on this week’s
episode I’m talking about these political parties and where they stand
on current economic issues so if you’d like to take your English the next level
and get to that advanced level of English that I know you’re all striving
for you can listen to the podcast at can learn English podcast calm or simply
search the can learn English podcast on iTunes Spotify stitcher or really any
good podcast application if you like this video give it a thumbs up and until
next time bye-bye


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