HOW TO PREPARE SOCIAL ISSUES-4 by UPSC AIR 63 Vishal Sah.



good evening friends this is we shall again we are in this part of the series where we are continuing how to prepare social issues which is part of the syllabus gs1 and it is very much important topic for means as well we have already discussed earlier topics in which Vidya talked about salient features of Indian society diversity of India role of women and women organization and now we are moving to today we would be discussing the fourth topic and it is effect of globalization on Indian society one must know that the globalization topic is all-encompassing and it becomes a very important topic that we need to learn not only in what we call Jia Jia's paper one along with it we also have to learn it in social issues economic issues ethics also even in what because optional it becomes an important issues where we have to study about political economic social damage son of the impact that globalization had on Indian society so let's move to the worst lecture so first of all let's talk about the background in which the globalization process was undertaken we must first of all be able to define what is chlorination globalization in a very simple terms it it actually means that there is an intensification of the social networks then what we call the online networks which was connecting people and as a result of which impact of one event which is happening at some other part of the soil country or some other part of the world has an impact on the local events that is happening in some other part of the globe so basically one must hear and understand that the globalization is not a very new process people have been connecting with each other since early earlier times you know if you look at through the history of India in ancient India in this valley civilization had trade relations with Oman and you know middle east as well so that actually shows that globalization is not a very new phenomenon however what has changed is the degree of Troyer you know what we call the fastness the degree that you know what we call the pace at which the globalization is taking place so basically that actually should clear one doubt that globalization is not a new phenomenon and it has been happening since the birth of human society so coming to the question of why this you know biggest step of globalization which is popularly known as the LPG reforms or new economic policy of 1991 occurred so one must then should have a you know what we call brief understanding of the type of economy the type of economic setup that we went with us just after independence just after independence we had this mix type of the economy the mix type of khana me was where government has most of the control over what can be produced how it should be distributed and at what cost so basically you know when gurmann has so much control the entry of private players was pretty much difficult so there was an entry barrier as well as you know there was an exit barrier because one has to you know qualify on certain terms before you know they can go for closing of a certain you know what you call corporate or industry along with that these are some internal controls that existed in our economy apart from that you know we had external control as well in which what was happening is that most of the time you know what if most of the time in most most of the time we had to actually what we call whenever you have to go for whenever one has to go for what we call a what we call a foreign currency regulation was very much strict basically at that time currency was quite currency was actually just fixed form it you know what we call the currency was very much fixed so one has to understand that we're not currently we are having what we call floating exchange rate so in instead of floating exchange rate and now at that time we had this floating exchange rate and now what was at that time what we we had this fixed a fixed exchange rate since we had this fixed a fixed exchange rate people were not able to you know what because there was no fixed way what because the exchange rate the rate at which Indian currency was exchanged with foreign currency was pretty much fixed so that's what was one of the shortcoming that used to happen at that time so then again we were in import dependant countries we were importing lot of crude oil apart from that we were also the our capital good industry was not that much developed so basically due to this you know what we call fixed import cost that we are having due to prominent items such as capital goods and crude oil the economy was very much in a fragile situation our social spending was also pretty much high so what happened was properly known as the balance of payment crisis in balance of payment crisis what occurs is that a country is unable to pay its you know what we call unable to pay its exigencies its outstanding exigencies in fact in economic terms in financial terms when it comes to availability of dollars so basically we were unable to have a sufficient amount of dollar to import the you know basic goods that we need the term that is popularly used is known as import covers so basically one has to understand that the import cover is the you know measure of how you know strong is our you know what we call balance of payment situation I must share one of the important facts when it comes to balance of payment situation it is that you know currently India has around 400 billion dollar of foreign reserves so that actually shows from a point now at 1991 where we had you know nearly near depleting states of foreign exchange we have come very far and now we are we have a very strong capital resources when it comes to foreign capital the you know foreign currency so I part from that I there is a request for the readers that this please you know what we call look into the internet and you know comment you know put it in the comments extend that what are the ways through which we came or you know what we call RBI what we call keep foreign exchange you know what we call in what terms you know we actually have what we call a storage of what we call a currency if storage of virtual can a storage of fixed currency so has to cater to the balance of payment now so let's move now you know to the important what we call impact when globalization actually occurred you know the new era globalization watch you know what we call allowed or what was allowed to actually happen in India in the former new economic policy or the architect of the new economic policy at that time was finance minister Sri Manmohan Singh who later became the Prime Minister of India the government at that time came up with numerous changes in economic front and there were subsequent change in the social and political diem to the new economic policy introduced in 1991 was primarily known as first generation reforms when the subsequent reforms you know what we call such as labor reforms which is required to sustain the first generation reforms is popularly known as second generation reforms you must have come across this terms in the while you are reading the newspaper so let's now move to the economic impact when it comes to globalization in India so basically when it comes to economic impact the primary you know they're what we call economic change that happen it was what we call what we call liberalization privatization and globalization here I would like to you know note an important very important point in which the liberation what existing the globalization you know what we call also was existing however what actually changed primarily it was the privatization you know when we talk about a foreign investment that you know what we call what popularly known as you know what we call for of course you know when it comes to their foreign investment in terms of you know investment for for an agency foreign country there existed such tie-up even before you know what we call 1991 popularly we had very great you know article exchange with Russia with respect to Germany when it comes to even you know what we call setting up of nuclear plants so basically their investment was there not only in nuclear plants we had investment in terms of you know for what we call foreign you know exchange even in you know electricity electric power plant hydro power plant steel plant as well so basically and you know globalization you know in terms of did existed and you know what we call foreign reserve was being pumped into India even before 1991 so was the case of liberalisation also you know when the government came to recognize you know there are certain you know change your problem that might be anticipated in the Frog you know what upcoming area Rita upcoming you know what we call years starting from sixth seventh in a you know five-year plan itself the government of India tried to provide a space for the private industry to come in however the degree and you know again the pace at which it was done after 1991 reforms is notable and henceforth it is primarily known as the LPG era again I must note that you know so I would like to share my personal experience here that you know in 2017 when I was writing means I couldn't study any of the world history topics however when I you know went through previous her paper I was able to note that most of the question are based on current of s topics so henceforth what I did was that I utilized what we call my current affairs knowledge to come up with topics which which could be related to world history for example there was death of Lee Kuan ko who is popularly known as the founder of Singapore then there was for the case of death of Fidel Castro similarly there were you know the hundred years of what we call first world war was completed so all these things were quite much related and we're in the news so what I did was that I did you were popularly known as smart work in I only studied this few topics like I was pretty much lucky in that year where I was able to answer the question of Malay Peninsula which was actually related to the death of first president Lee Kuan Koh and one must note there that Malay Peninsula is made up of two important countries and it is Malaysia and Singapore so you mustn't you know you could now realize that how much it is important to even you know have a really cool relation between not only you know current affairs topic alone one must also know that how much relation current of a topic could have with world history topic as well so here I would like to note one important thing is that LPG era is come become very important because LPG reforms has already completed 25 years so basically or if you go through previous articles on various newspaper you would actually come across articles where people have what we call discussed in details how the 25 years of LPG has worked out so that is something you know one must be knowing so let's talk about the important impact of you know what because globalization as have already talked that liberalisation and globalization was something that was very much prominent and existing and existed even before what we call the 1991 economic reforms however privatization was something that government of India went for the first time privatization would include you know the important uniform of privatization would include what the popular you know what we call public sector undertakings being you know their sales being sold out to private entities so there were forms of sale in which somewhere a strategic sale the strategic sale is where the sale of you know what because shares is more than 49% or you know the government's share reduces to 49% or below through which the government loses the control over management as well so apart from that there are other kind of strings in which there is you know only sheer sale you are making you know at least 25% of the PSU sales public or listed so these are certain forms of you know what because privatization that comment of India event for the first time after the new economic policy they are also certain you know what we call macroeconomic and microeconomic changes so I would request the veers to write down the changes in you know detailed in terms of what we call you know detail divided divide it in terms of what because the macro economy changes that were taken and the micro economy changes that are taken after the starting of LPG era it's a request and I will review every one of your answer latter in the comment section so that with that done I would like to talk about you know what we call the the privatization of India as I have already told you know so there were what we call what there are certain region actually the government has to go for all this thing is basically if you could understand that why do market mechanism exist the very existence of market mechanism is based on the principle that what is called as the individual hand policy the individual hand policy is when the government or what we call is when you know usually what we call the what we call the resources get you know reutilized or we you know what we call allocated to economic sectors which are performing with greater efficiency so basically that is why you know liberalization privatization is required privatization actually free frees up you know the great amount of great amount of resources that have been you know but because that was you know what we call that existed you know with respect to the psu who are not utilizing it really well so basically when they are not utilizing it well the government you know had to say you know sell it out so that the resources can be reallocated to other you know social sector as well as what we call corporate sector here I will request again to the viewers that please write down what are the forms in which disinvestment of you know what we call disinvestment occurs in India you could actually come across various kind of what we call funds that have been created so as to manage this process of disinvestment and one must also note that that every here there is a target for the government to complete when it comes to in every budget when it comes to disinvestment so disinvestment has for a Ford becomes a very important issue well me now let us move to the critique of this you know prior comic you know reforms that was brought prominent critique you know which I could actually take away from you know various resources I had already noted down first of all again I would like to you know you know give some idea to the viewers that please go through the class eleven economic development book class eleven you know book of economy there you could actually you know give it get a very great and very succinct a snapshot of what economy of India has been in 1947 and before and how it has you know what about transform to the economy that we see it's a very wonderfully written book and it is a great resources for aspirants who are preparing for UPSC as well so let's say you know and that is well you know the first to what because are the first to critique is actually being taken from what we call the fairy book itself so basically one of the major critique when it comes to effect of you know globalization especially the economic reforms has been that the agriculture sector was you know what we call God it's lost its importance in terms of government policy the government you know what we called public expenditure it's a very important term and one must know is that the public it you know what we call expenditure when it comes to agriculture you know become very low and that's why the fixed you know capital formation is a very important term and I would request the viewers again that please you know you know go through its definition and let me know what is to its means in the comment section so basically fixed capital formation is one of the what we call important thing that actually you know decline where after the coming off of globalization especially the new economic reforms so basically that is where what is considered as you know drawback when it comes to economic impact of globalization I would like to note that the fixed capital such as you know invest when it comes to damps when it comes to you know what he called two evils decreased from the government and in pertains to more towards the private sector so private sector usually you know works on profit generation and henceforward that you know what we call the farmers who we're at the lower end they are not able to afford this you know what we call what because the technological immunity at all the part from that you know another sector where we faced some issues was the social expenditure I must note here that you know whenever they enter time when you know before the new economic policy of no article 1991 the taxation was pretty much high it was its orbit in which we can call as a result of which there was a high what we call there was a high tax collection and henceforward that social expenditure was cumulatively high too however once the tax collection decrease you know when that what we call the customs you know Duty and natural as you know the normal corporate tax as well as you know individual tax decreased thus you know amount of revenue that was you know but because that the government used to get in from the tax collection decreased and henceforward the social expenditure such as expenditure on health education information and so on decreased trust to great extent and this is something we can add as the second what we call critique to the economic impact of globalization apart from that I would like to talk about some of the current a notional some of the critique from the current scenario and those includes technology social media and West generation when it comes to technology I would like to especially talk about defense one of the Region V you know what we call there has been a greater emphasis on making India in India especially in defense is because of the lack of indigenous production when it comes to high-tech defense equipment the defense expenditure most of it goes into what we call a buying of equipments from foreign you know from us UK and France success you know due to which and there is a lack of – you know indigenous defense capability though basically you know one must understand that the technology you know usually comes at a cost they have associated you know what we call challenges and especially when it is the question of security where you know there is a Chancellor that our security too could be compromised so it is very much important that we come up with you know a very good defense manufacturing policy in which indigenous defense capability manufacturing capability is increased here again if there is a request to the readers that please write about the new defense policy that was unavailing 2014 the new defense procurement policy let me know in the comment section I will review it personally so let's move to the next section the critique and it is social media so social media overall has become one of the you know what we call very problematic area when it comes to what we call economic impact basically because the most of the tech giant most of the social media chants are not based in India so question of you know faith news the question of you know what because setting up fixing accountability is a very important term which we usually use use in when it comes to gs4 ethics so basically you know fixing accountability you know fixing again taxes in and again you know what we call the data protection and privacy especially after the right to you know privacy judgment in which you know privacy was granted as a fundamental right under article 21 so basically you know it becomes a concern for the government to regulate the social media and that is one of the important you know critique when it comes to globalization another important critique which I would like to talk about is West generation if you are you know what you call you must have noted that how you know the first world countries who are who generate west to a greater degree you know have very high cost when it comes to and what because treatment of fist so basically the avesta T generated and the plastic waste that it generated are usually sent to third world countries for the cheaper you know rate at which they are what we call recycled their the cheaper rate at which they are treated so the third-world countries effectively become the dumping ground of the first world countries vest so that actually you know causes so many harms to the people who are involved in the process of vest treatment and the environment impact cannot be counted cannot be you know counted away so basically all this thing leads to a greater amount of you know what we call problem and it comes to waste generation in you know what about third world countries here I have a request to the users that please write about you know what because the new vestry you know what we call new evaced policy as well as the plastic policy you know please read it about in the what we call from the internet and let me know your thought on the same so let's move to the other you know important what we call next important section and it is what we call as the social impact of what we call the social impact of globalization the social impact of globalization is very important dimension to study because it is more current you know more but we correlated to what our topic is that is society and social issues in India so basically social impact of globalization cannot be denied if you are sitting it there and if you are able to absorb you'd yourself be able to come up with various impact at the club licen had on so you know in a society I have a request to the viewers that please write you know the social impact of globalization that they could observe around them in the comment section it is also a very important topic when it comes to the interview because you could be asked to give your from your own experience the changes that they have seen in the the changes that you have seen in the society especially after the coming up of globalization so that is something could be asked in the interview as well so let's talk about the migration basically you know if I would like to talk about migration I would like to highlight force the global issues of migration you know migration has become a global car you know what issues which now is also become a heated debate when it comes the United Nation organization we have seen the you know what we call cases of huge migration when it comes to areas of nothin nothin Africa who are pretty much war-torn and have you know what you call haves it what we call very bad living condition where people you know are moving toward what we call Europe and there has been you know if you could recollect the migration was one of the region due to which the brexit had occurred it is a global phenomenon and it's impacting local policy local politics to a very great extent or let's move on to what it is called as internal migration I have to here way pause and talk about migration first of all so if you talk about the sensitive nature of migration if a person is placed in a place which is not his birth it is say let's me talk about you know the amount of internal migration that is occurring in India I would like to hear make is you know rough map of India to give if you know what people general description of the migration trend so basically when we talk about the what we call when we talk about the hinterland when we talk about the hinterland of India the hinterland people are are you know moving toward the coastal areas when it comes to migration internal migration and the people from what we call coastal areas where you know what we call earth the things have already been you know what people this area which has already been stabilized are now moving towards Gulf countries and US and UK and so on so here we could actually from the map of India which is very important if when it comes to framing of answers you could actually mark the various kinds of internal and external migration that is happening so basically you know map is safe wonderful resource to actually you know utilize when it comes to showcasing you know when it comes to depicting easily what you know the impact at any you know what we call any phenomenon is having on this radial basis on India so that is something you could actually talk about then next important impact is the flight from agriculture flight from agriculture it can be noticed from the what we call if we look at the census data or reports where we could see the percentage of people who are employed when it comes to you know agriculture are shrinking so basically you know the amount of people who are you know what you call employed in a vertical agriculture are shrinking it there too of that amount when it was you know article before what we call my new can call Co globalization now it is reduced to only this certain amount so that actually source you know in this way I am actually so kissing how to write answer and utilize graph Venn diagram and other I you know thinks you know graphical representation to actually you know present your answer in a very wonderful manner so flight from agriculture has been due to multiple regions such as first of all the agriculture crisis that we are facing then yes of course the stagnation of ruler income due to which people are not able to earn very in a good faith and yes of course a very mindset in which the son of a farmer doesn't want to be you know engaged in farming you know there is a mindset has been set in which people have rushed towards you know what we call the white collar or blue collar jobs and tend to you know move away from agriculture so all these things could be actually you know well captured in what we call as flight from agriculture I also talking about how this is impacting you know what they call when it comes to this is also impacting when it comes to what we call what we call the ruler to urban migration you know what because the ruler ruler ruler to urban migration also is occurring due to the very same phenomenon what is happening is that one you know what is happening is that most of the time as people are moving from agriculture as people are moving from agriculture what we call more we are you know what because moving toward or what we call the urban centers you know so that's if you could go through the census you could see distinctly if change you're very clear change marked change when it comes to you know what to call census showing the percentage of people who are living in urban center it is now being reported that by 2050 nearly 50% of Indians would be living in urban center if you could recollect from our last to let last to last lecture I have noted how that you know or in the upcoming lecture in which we would be talking about the problems associated with what we call urbanization Oh actually I will be talking about the problem associated with urbanization in greater detail in in our you know what because upcoming lectures but one must know that you know that is one region why the you know what we call organization also become a very important phenomenon which needs to be regulated and very well planned so that we are able to provide them basic issue you know basic what we call the what you call facilities you know everywhere you know I would actually like to note here you know what you call a popular you know idea in which we want what we call mu pile but what we call what we call mobility when it comes to you know what we call what we call social security features you know social security features usually you know social security features are quite much associated you know are much associated with what we call what we are very much associated are very much as associated you know when they're actually you know what we call what we call the social security features are not much mobile you know even when it comes to from one state to another for example if you are moving from Kerala what we we are moving from Jharkhand to Kerala you might lose your Social Security benefits that you are actually getting in this home state of charcoal so basically we have to first start with basic mobility of you know what we call social security such as food and Russian and everything so that people are able to you know live a life with dignity even when they have migrated and this is one of the global theme when it comes to what it is popularly known as migration with dignity you know continuous is smooth and dignified migration which is a key tagline when it comes to you know what we call a global talk of on migration let's move to the next very topic which is you know again very important here I would like to share another pro tip that whenever it comes to impact of globalization into various you know any kind of impact I would say that you have an idea of what are the important institution that is imprisoned for example it if it is economy you could talk about in broader framework in terms of macroeconomic when it is you know or micro economy when it is society you could actually talk about the various institutions such as family education health and so on and as we move toward quality we have again a set of institution so basically this kind of formula if you have already developed so not only globalization you could be you would be able to answer question which are you know what we call from any so you know what you call not only globalization from other phenomenon also if there you have been asked about how it is going to impact you could easily answer if you have certain kind of formula set in your mind so let's talk about the family you know basically as I have mentioned the family impact on family varies from class basis if you talk about people from lower strata usually they have migrated from ruler Center to urban center on the other hand when it comes to upper strata such as PE rich so you know people or you know what you call ambitious middle class which is people they tend to you know what because go for migration from India to other country that has been seen when you when event actually we could you know see the kind of you know or to world trend that has been when it comes to an area such as Telangana and Andhra I must note that you know I actually should mentioned that you know the Telugu is the third most toy you know what we call what we call a spoken languages in us today you know what we call so that actually shows that the amount of migration that has occurred so and again you know the kind of impact that family has to happen for example there are scenarios in which you know what we call the elderly you know parents have been left behind in the ruler areas and the you know what because the working you know what people working couple usually to move to or to call urban center not only that you know you could actually see the four you know article idea of you know a functionally joined family existing in which structurally the you know the family might be you know in different cities and living a nuclear family lifestyle however they are still attached to their rulers and ruler areas where they are holding their asset or in terms of you know Joe as a joint so that actually so that that's it holding is functionally joint on the other hand the family structure is a structure related nuclear so that actually sewers the deep you know what because the distinctive you know what because are mixing up of to kind of you know what we call up what you call uh nature of family in India so I now suggest you know they're numerous war because they impact you know on family and I would suggest their viewers to write down those impact when it comes to family let me let's talk about next that is gender dynamics and globalization I would like to share again a protip here that whenever it comes to you know what we call any kind of you know what we call phenomenon you have to evaluate it from gender dynamics I would like to give it to you so basically if you look at article 14 article Slaton has explicitly talked about the fundamental right to equality however the article 15 has clearly stated in another you know what to call clause where women and children have been talked about differently and talked about preferential treatment so basically that so that not only Constitution you know Constitution has also you know taken care of the gender dynamics so you know if you are talking about social issues it is a very wonderful thing to talk about the gender dynamics and the phenomenon so that's why I have kept this topic the gender dynamics and globalization a separate you know what we call topic to talk about in this social impact gender dynamics in this again a protip is that please talk about the third gender as well it's very important ever since the adjustment have come from Supreme Court on various issues such as the null search I just went in which the third gender was nice I say you know what we call 30 tender was recognized and this you know decriminalization of section 377 as well that actually so that to a certain degree the acceptance among the a clearance of comment has it started when it comes to what we call the third gender as well or here I have a question for the fears I would request them please write about the various state government initiative I would repeat the state government initiative towards the third gender that has been popularly taken I would like to give you a hint you could talk about how Kerala has separate one economic job policy or what we call for the third gender transgender the Kochi rail Metro is an example where the 13th has been employed Maharashtra has a separate Welfare Board for discharge under and so on has the you know what we call case of Tamilnadu and other states so I would request the viewers to come up with a good list and post it in the comment section so let's now move towards the actual topic is that is gender dynamics and globalization so here I would like to talk about some of them you know what we call what we call some of the you know what we call data chairs X charts and figures that has actually come up so basically when it comes to gender dynamics basically we have seen that you know usually you know women tends to migrate whenever you know they have marriage is the biggest region for migration of women we still have what we call as you know factory local form of marriage system in you know residence in which women once carrier get married to her husband has to leave her home and move to what we call the husband boom as a result of this there has been high degree of migration when it comes to for what you call a marriage based migration when it comes to women so that actually shows the gender dynamics and globalization migration does have a good correlation not only that when we talk about you know what we call the jobs that has been available you know it is called at the IT job which is considered a desk job you know has been made available to the woman the you know the participation of women especially when it comes to the IT sector has been very significant an IT sector it just came to you know booming and came to boom in India only because to globalization so that actually saw that on one hand you know women you know traditionally they're you know what we call the challenges that they were facing due to their gender continued at the same time new opportunities also have been provided by the coming up of globalization that actually sue that they are interested dichotomy you know there is just a paradox when it comes to gender dynamics and globalization here again I request to the reviewer veers that please talk about the globalization and how it is impacting the third gender you know in India so that would be a task for everyone who is viewing this lecture so and again you know the another form of social impact is the protest you know large-scale protest has been possible due to the globalization as well you know I'd like to hear specifically note about what you got the kundan Coulomb protests that occurred in Tamil not against the condemned column powerplant component cover power plant is the joint venture of Government of India and Government of Russia so basically in that there was a huge protest what we call when it comes to the environment impact of global I or what we call the Neath the setting up of nuclear plant actually you know what we call the government reports especially from the Intelligence Bureau has shown that the global you know what because think-tank will present only to sabotage the developmental process when it comes to what we call a developmental process in what you call third-world countries only so as to satisfy to their own sent you know national interest you know come since it was a project being sponsored by the Government of Russia God other governments you know across globe who tend to have some kind of friction when it comes to India our relationship or Russia they you know what you call they manipulated the people there and therefore you know what you call motivated them to protest you so that you know what because the development process is sabotage actually so that you know protest you know what we call the protest not only you know good form for example you know environmental protests the very famous Chipko moment you know it is said to be the first of the environmental protest mass environmental protest and it does appeal worldwide so form of protest has not only you know transform from India to other part however certain you know what we call what you call improper form or you know in what because what because mollified intention have been manifested in protest in India as well so again as I said there exist two sides of you know each of the one or two calls each of the impact that we are going to talk so something has been good and something has been bad so one could actually write in a very well you know depth on how the social impact has occurred you know due to globalization did this globalization very globalization topic would be also you know what we call a topic for essay as well so I would request to the viewers to prepare this topic you know come up with good essays and code and you know a good introduction and conclusion as well to you know prepare for this topic in respect of essay as well so let's move to the next you know what you call impact and that is what we call the and that is what we call the political impact when it comes to what we call globalization so here I would like to talk about the political impact of globalization the political impact of globalization are as follows what we call the changing nature of governance is first of all the first you know what we call impact of political impact of globalization here again breaks it you know become the popular example you must have noticed that you know in the june i what we call what because june there is going to be really paul in in UK only because the current government has been very ineffective or current government of the what we call what are the for the government you know what we call of government of Teresa main mystery some a has been has been proved to be a failure in terms of handling what because the brexit negotiation so dad actually saw that you know the government government you know government you know what because is being affected due to migration issues and again you know migration issues has been an important you know what we call a important for format of you know important policy important you know discussion and debate during you know what we call in national election as well there are a popular son of soil moment as well as you know what we call migration what a swine of soil moment and then again you know the what we call citizenship amendment bill you know popularly known as gab which actually you know impacted the Northeast election to a great extent you know that actually shows that you know political you know what we call politics and governance are actually you know changing due to migration issue again as I said governance and administration it is about decision making then you've been one could also talk about the portability of you know social security scheme which needs to be problem nted so that a good nature of governance a good governance could occur to people who are migrating to so that is something that we could actually talk about when it comes to changing nature of governance I would request the viewers to come up with more number of examples that they could actually think about when it comes to what we call changing nature of governance so let's move to the next topic and that is pool serenity model so when it comes to pool 70 model I have to say that you know what we call the full sovereignty model is being successful not only what we call at global scale it is also successful at national scale too you know the popular formation of national scale we have example at GST council it's so that you know when it's sourced that what we call how you know what they call the sovereignty or the power has been pulled so that we could actually work for the you know governance and then yes again you know when it comes to global we have the United Nation you know for various projects in and again you know the famous what we call panas you know deal the parish deal is an example where you know for combating climate change the government across the world has come you know together to come up with a pool severity model in which each and everyone would be auditing other people's you know or what we call a vertical format of you know reaching towards the climate goal against sustainable develop internal goal or MDG are you know similar example where there is a certain degree of give-and-take when it comes to what because the amount of severity amount of independence in terms of decision-making that is being exercised you know for a greater good further what we call as global common so that is the popular pool severity model that we can talk about so then again you know I would like to you know there also there has been certain degree of problem for example you know as again you know the example of what we call breaks it you know Britain exceed from European Union is also you know one of the drawback when it comes to pool severity model the European Union becoming you know what because a meta you know meta government over the you know what to go the national government due to which you know the national government had some kind of certain degree of restriction when it came to protecting its currency protecting its border so when they were not able to you know perform this to you know basic function you know there was some you know backlash to the pool sovereignty model as well there is a popular saying in you know by Teresa may I you know Teresa may you know say mom which I would like to you know what we gotta talk about the PM Teresa may she say that if you call yourself is the citizen of the world then you not you do not understand what is the meaning of citizenship so I request the viewers to actually you know give their viewpoint on this very statement you know on what she actually mean or what do you you actually you know what we call what we call understand by this very statement and how far do you think it is correct or wrong so let's move to the very next to you know in part in impact that is actually happening due to globalization and that is political funding this is actually taken from one of the Current Affair topic due to and that is why I am going to talk about India as well as Australia in India recently there was a amendment in the foreign you know currency Regulation Act which actually exempted you know what we call political parties from taking funding from outside India so basically there were certain and it was you know given effect retrospectively only to save the political parties who have violated the foreign currency Regulation Act to take funding from companies who were foreign entities so that actually shows how things has you know what we call get impacted when it comes to political funding so I have a request to the viewer said please you know come up with child pros and cons or political funding when it comes to foreign political funding in India do you think it would impact you know what because it would make the Government of India one you know what we call bit shackled you know they will they will limited when it comes to you know thinking about best or the national interest if they are taking fun from foreign you know what because if the political party is taking fun from foreign countries so let me know all this in the comment section I would like to hear you know talk about the case of Australia but I must you know pass and you know give you a hint that or what I am going to talk about in Australia has been one of the negative implication however you know what we call you should not only you know in the question that I requested should not only talk about the negative implication only so in Australia what happened is that you know the legislature became very much alarmed due to the what we call a massive you know form of you know what we call interference that was done by chine mega Chinese company you know in terms of policymaking due to the amount of fund that they were pumping in the political parties of Australia as a result of which the comment of free Australia you know Prime the Parliament there came up with a bill and subsequently an act which completely banned external you know what to call foreign funding through the parties in Australia so they're actually so that yes of course you know countries who are pretty much develop also become very vulnerable when it comes to external political funding so that is where you know we have to think about the policy that we are going to you know have when it comes to political funding especially foreign political funding and yet again I would like to request the viewers to go into various reports that have come across you know with respect to political funding when it comes to you know what we call Indian you know election scenario it is also you know that it's you know what because a read would enable you to tackle question when you when it comes to gs2 as well as essay an ethics paper so once this is over let's move to the next slide and that is what we call the impact I would like to as I said you know usually at the end of the lecture we would be discussing what are the impact or what your one question you know in which I would be giving you the framework of the answer and you would be requested to you know what because write the answer and put it in the comment section and luckily today we are going to discuss two important question and both the question are not only important from me is precepting they are also something that could be thought about when it comes to interview as well as essay so the first question that we are going to talk about is the discussed the impact of globalization on family see as I told you you know introduction and conclusion has to be framed simultaneously you know concurrently at least in thought process itself because that will you know ensure that your ideas are very much bendy you know what we call sandwiched between introduction and conclusion it actually you know captures the imagination of the invigilator very well so I get again you know for introduction you could go with the definition of globalization you could go you know diffusion of family and yes of course if you have definition based off you know what because blow you know impact then you could actually just summarize the impact that we have thought about in the body and you know in the conclusion so in the body I would again you know talked about various types of you know impact that has occurred so prominent impact is you know what we call when it comes to family it has been you know changing of drawing family to nuclear family yet again you have to showcase the important pterodax that we have talked about where structurally the family remain nuclear has become nuclear however functionally it tend to remain joined still other impact of globalization that we could talk about is that you know I would like to hear actually you know mention a case study you know during the Chennai floods there was a huge complain about you know there was a huge uproar about you know old article family member being left behind by the you know there's you know words were you know living outside the country and earning somewhere else you know basically they become very vulnerable when it comes to you know their mitigation or you know their what because they're you know what we call they were very vulnerable when the disaster wanna hit disaster hit the you know what we call their areas because they have problems when it comes to mobility they have you know difficulty when it comes to you know uses of technology you know reporting and everything so that becomes a pretty much challenge you know apart from that you know I would like to talk about this social media platform which is not only you know today it is bringing a very you know extended family also in the decision making platform there although you know as again I said you know although the you know society you know the family is turning more nuclear when it comes to you know what we call decision making we have what's a platform where groups in what self we have groups in Facebook where you know siblings where you know our to call elder members of our family they tend to you know discuss things which are going to you know what they call take opinion which you know not long ago you know was not possible you know communication has enabled has provided such a platform it comes to globalization again I would love I'd like to talk about you know the increasing you know what we call impact of impact on it you know what we call family function previously family was the place where initial you know vertical education of initial socialization also you know used to happen today the you know there has been agency there exist agencies which tend to you know provide such kind of facilities for example not only you know schooling you have today what we call preschool as well where you would be taught you know where you it then again there is you know where the culture of babysitting which is coming up which is actually providing very good experience for the working parents you know to go outside and earn and at the same time take care of you know what people children by someone else you know so by someone you know that they have implied so that basically shows that you know the family function the function that the elder you know article members of the society used to perform have decreased however again I would like to know note one important thing that if you would look closely if you'd of cheer closely that although on one hand the function of with particularly is decreasing you know it is been taken over by agencies on the other very hand the family you know a you know function is increasing as well so basically you know it has been observation you know by what we call popular what we call a sociologist as well what is happening is that all the agencies such as educate you know preschool exist for the service to the parents parents now or more vigilant when it comes to you know what because they have to what we call imply greater amount of time you know due to the Homburg or you know due to the extra you know activities that are suggested by the preschool to be undertaken in the home so that actually so that you know although agencies are able to take away some function it actually has to give up give some preparatory function to family again so basically you know it is a give-and-take that is going on when it comes to impact of Lola's ation on family so those are a few important topics which I felt that I must mention when it comes to impact I would request the universe to write the question in details about you know the impact of globalization now I would like to talk about one of my you know this question I am framed my on my own actually and this is something that I was you know I was thinking about during my interview you know that it could be one of the you know article possible interview question however it is not only a possible interview question again it is a possible question in economy it is a possible car in gs3 it is a possibility call a question when it comes to Jesus to you know what we call law and everything and it is a possible you know question in essay as well so the what the question that I am going to talk discuss about is the challenges in digital economy so digital economies economy which is based on you know again zero one bit and byte so basically economy which is more you know what you call dependent on you know digital transaction that is digital economy so what are the important challenge acts you know try to you know talk about it in the what we call the slide so basically what we call the important you know challenges are first of all it is the taxation the taxation is something that we could actually what we called talk about you know the taxation and privacy matters so first of all it's a tap to do the taxation here you know I would like to talk about the term because significant economic presence this term was introduced in in the budget you know recently basically it was done so that you know we are able to tax those economy which are based outside however there may you know max massive revenue is coming from third world countries and that is the case of vertical Facebook Instagram YouTube snapchat and so on so taxation becomes an important challenge the second challenge that is privacy you know it Indian government and we are lucky to have you know Europe you know live in India where you know privacy has been considered as a fundamental right so due to which you know now that privacy is a fundamental right and it is not so the case of other countries we have this what is called as you know incompatibility of laws incompatibility actually you know makes this tedious for a you know you have to call the company of the you know authorities here to you know actually you know article enforce this you know adjustment over the companies I would like to you know mention this very important what we call general data protection regulation that is being imposed in the EU that one could go through to understand how much privacy is important and what you know steps that a country or a you know what you call region could takes to ensure that the privacy of the person is secured next something that I would like to talk about is fixing accountability basically what happens is that you know the nature of crime that is occurring in digital economy is you know trans boundary to fix account you know you could be sitting somewhere and you could be actually you know using the server of some other countries you could be using the ID of someone of some person from different third countries and still you would be hacking into something that is in the fifth countries and so on so the team is so wrong the nature of crime is so much you know what we call is you know what you call spreading across there you know what we call states and countries due to which fixing accountability becomes very much tough so you know it's a very blurred identity which leads to this problem of fixing accountability second important thing third or fourth important thing you know that actually challenge children's in digital economy is the fake news of course the Menace of fake news the post truth in post truth era which we talk about is too much you know and you know it is causing you know a problem ranging from death of person at individual scale – you know toppling of comment at the national scale as well as you know but versioning of times between to government as well in in transfer relations so it has you could see it has impact from individual to international scale then again the local economy and a small and medium enterprises here I would like to talk about some of the important thing that you know one must know about small and medium enterprises so basically and on 40% of the export in India is being provided by small and medium enterprises they also you know tend to eleven throw people or you know more than that I believe you know you should project the data are employed in small and medium enterprises so that actually shows that you know the local economy and a small and medium enterprise plays a very important role when it comes to national economy when it comes to digital economy they are actually causing huge disruption when it comes to the like all local economy and SME now SME which you know have to you know what we call face what you call challenges from what we call and global scale and if they are not able to come up with new technology if they are not able to update their technology they tend to face attrition so that's why you know government has to step in has to provide some kind of you know cushion to the local economy in a semi so that they are able to you know what we call the challenge you know they are able to compete with other country other you know what we call companies at you know working at global scale in this digital economy basically there needs to be provided in you know what we call but if positive you know kind of would be called positive reinforcement to this economy is required so in brief I have talked about what are the challenge that occurs when it comes to digital economy and those include taxes and privacy fixing accountability faith news local economy and small and medium enterprises problems so with this I would like to you know what we call end the lecture so basically one has to understand that you what we call one has to you know what we call note that you know that we have understood we have talked about what we call the economic impact the political impact the social impact of globalization I have taken an entire you know full lecture for this only because one could understand that it is a very important topic you know with respect to essay with respect to you know what to call GS as well not only g s1 g s2 g s3 as well you know actuality x4 and you know what we call optional subject or essay as well so basically it becomes a very important topic and henceforth i have talked about globalization in very details as here i would like to end the lecture today you would be discussing the topic and it is what he called population and associated issues and poverty in the upcoming lecture tomorrow I would be taking the lecture in this very time that is 7 p.m. see you tomorrow thank you and good night




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