HOW TO PREPARE SOCIAL ISSUES-3 by UPSC AIR 63 Vishal Sah.



hello friends this is charlie cane we have been part of this how to prepare systole soos video lecture for the main so in 19th so let says we have already talked about Prague major the initial chapters which include the salient features of Indian society diversity of India and now today we would be moving towards role of women and women organizations so first of all let's start the today's class then the role of women and women organization becomes one of the prominent features because UPC's favorites you know power area of asking question has always been women and gender related issues if you look across previous your questions you'd come across several number of questions which has been asked from women whose child is sue which is quite related to women is sue as well as gender-based problem so if pretty you know you know interesting recommendation as well as what we call initial introduction when it comes to role of women would be talking about what Economic Survey has talked about when it comes to women in India I must say here that Economic Survey is one of the indispensable source when it comes to preparation of not only economics but other issues as well it covers widely most of the important issues that we could come across and it is quite important given the reports and highlights as well as not only means friends writing it could be utilized even in optional paper if you're having such similar optional as well as problems so let's talk about two important thing that that Economic Survey has talked about when it comes to when it comes to when it come let's talk about two important what we call issues that economic survey has brought out when it comes to what we call a woman so first of all is the childbearing issue though it has been studied by the economic survey report which said that around the during the childbirth period the average weight gain of a woman in India is quite lower than what is recommended in the world it is according to the whu-oh recommendation so it is quite low as not only that even in affluent what we call families the trend remains similar which says that there is a lot of ignorance as well as women faces similar problem even when it comes to affluent families even it comes to upper-class so that actually shows that women issue is one of the most important issue that become and should tackle so let's say why you know women become important because as it is says you know if you would – you know for the entire generation to be educated the entire generation to be aware the government spending must be going towards women education because the woman the mother if she is already empowered as well as educated the chances that she would be pushing her children to what education is higher next important thing that the Economic Survey has talked about when it comes to women a suit was sanitation so Economic Survey has talked widely on how on how the what we call sanitation becomes an important issue when it comes to sanitation becomes an important issue when it comes to role of women it shows that there is a higher degree of what we call disadvantage that a woman has to bear for example violation of privacy as well as what we call what we call ooh fear of death as well as you know the what we call changes in their pattern and their habit due to lack of sanitation and that is one region the Government of India has emphasized so much upon the search bar admission especially the ruler India so after introduction introduction of Economic Survey let's move to the prominent issues such as gender role stereotyping and women issue so first of all what is gender role stereotyping stereotyping is basically Islam assuming that certain section you know what we call haves vertical portrays a certain characteristic irrespective of actually you know what we call evaluating it actually come you know seeing it in empirically so basically when it comes to gender role stereotyping women are assumed that they would be more in role of women of what we call in the role of wife as a mother and they are not seen as a you know what we call somewhere where power is required somewhere you know leadership and every in those areas gender role stereotyping actually occurs and women tends to think women are actually you know a stereotype that they are fit only to be a wife or only to be a good mother so basically there exists a dichotomy when it comes to Indian society on one hand we have women who are being preyed who are worshipped as a deity and on the other hand when it comes to treatment of women women has been treated very bad has not been given the due rites have not been given the do what we call status in the society that actually shows that there is existent economy when it come to new society let's move to what we call social issues or that is faced by the woman basically all the issues that women usually faces is because of what we call their undue representation in various areas such as education economy as well as political empowerment I'd like to quote one into work one of the incident that appeared in the Hindu newspaper I believe last two last year which actually talked about this gender role stereotyping in which it was so that the woman IPS officer was posted somewhere actually due to some fight within what we call the political representatives there was a fly a fight of that woman IPS with the political representative and when the latter on when the boss was a male who came and you know what we call took the lady IPS what we call side the woman started crying so basically here that situation you know that got so much hyped in the media on the other hand one must understand that crying is not only associated with women crying is a very natural process which could actually happen equally with respect to any human being irrespective of the gender so basically that shows you know even the media projection that shows the mentality of the society in which we are associating certain types of treatment only with respect to women so that actually it's a prominent example and could be coated in mains paper as well as interview so let's move ahead to what challenges this you know what we call this gender role is tara typing and you know what we call poses to administration you know one of the important you know challenges that it poses to administration not only in government bodies as well as corporate bodies is actually that the women were occupying very higher position are considered as you know having main like characteristics so basically it's source that you know even top hierarchy top you know management position are considered if a woman who are handling them are considered to be having like characteristics so that actually shows that you know if such a kind of culture is there the chances that you know actual decision-making would still remain in the woman or you know it would the information would actually flow very well the implementation would actually happen at the ground is quite low so that actually shows how gender roles stereotyping poses a challenge to administration let's move to the next slide and that actually talks about patriarchy patriarchy is evident phenomenon and in throughout what we call the world of bhakti are key what actually stands it actually stands for what we call a process a what a process or what we call a system in which usually the male the elder male or the eldest male exercises power and you know alone and usually it excludes a woman from this fear of power so that is what it is called patriarchy let's move to another simple definition basically why I am covering some deficient basic deficient because this are important definition they have been used in the syllabus you know so that's why if you are ready with this definition you could actually utilize when it comes to main sensor as well as you could actually you know get a question also in which they will ask what are sex what is just what is sexual division of labor and tell about its manifestation the basically sexual division of labor means division of labor is where you know job is allocated to certain section of people and sexual division of labor is when the job is allocated based on gender so basically that is what it is called as sexual division of flavor let's talk about some of the important manifestation okay I would like to start here with you know most primary hero a small is a small age when at which you know usually when you look at the look in your home you know in mostly in rural areas as well what happened is that what we call the the girl who you know gets a responsibility to take care of the you know what because their younger sibling on the other hand the main sibling are usually left you know on their own so basically that source that you know since starting itself that primary socialization that conditioning you know that starts where you know there are certain kinds of you know activities that are allocated fixed at any cost to you know what we call female sex and that actually you know changes the entire you know growth of the you know what we call a growth trajectory of what a woman has to go through on the other hand of what a men actually goes through but basically you know I would like to talk about one more you know interesting point in this respect is that you know we are talking about early what we call early schooling Caprice cooling to be mandatory part of right to education also gum the surface which avi on also and one of the prominent region for this is that because if we are providing priests cooling facilities as free of cost at the government you know what we call school itself there would be high probability you know what we call girls would be attending the school and the kind of socialization in which they're already you know being burdened since childhood with respect to you know what we call responsibility of taking care of their male siblings would decrease so it's a very wonderful opportunity it's a very very wonderful actually initiative to actually think about let's move to another other you know a manifestation in which you know which I would like to just you know talk about to very you know what we call in very are in you know in a summary manner it would include you know property you know it is seem that when a woman headed household it was actually you know such survey was actually done by dr. Emerson in which he pointed out that when you know women erect when women are what we call when women are what we call the woman a single woman headed household tend to be you know in the cycle of poverty for them it's more a vicious cycle because of the you know what we call the sexual division of flavor or the way women has been treated in the society for them it becomes more difficult to overcome this challenge of what we call the challenge of poverty what we call overcome this challenge of poverty and let's talk about other forms of you know manifestation here I would like to go more focus on the current of its topics for example one of the major manifestation of this form of you know what we call patriarchy or you know what we call gender stereotyping is violence against women we could see you know if you could remember this time nowhere price of P piece number price was given to a cedar Osirian woman she was involved in what we call saving or her community women who were you know what we called what we call traffic as well as you know they were actually has to you know what we call face problems such as what we call rape mutilation and so on so that actually shows that you know it's a worldwide challenge and it's not only you know what we call restricted to India so one if you want to you know actually you know have a grand over if you have a you know what we call broad overview of actually how does manifestations you know what we call patriarchy is still typing or sexual division of labor actually manifest you can actually refer to gender inequality index which is you know what we call gender inequality index which the report which comes up actually you know ah it's a request to the readers that you know I would like to know you know what we call which organization come up with this gender in your color T index let me know in the comments section let us move to you know other forms of manifestation basically of what happens is that here I would like to talk about you know what we call a patriarchy in which you know if you have heard they're a popular term in Indian society which is called serpent bethey in which you know all the women have got reservation in the third tire of governance a three tire of government there tend to be you know high you know high what we call a constituency or high you know what we call what we call panchayat in which women although have been given reservation and they tend to you know be the candidate as well as sexual serpents however the control is executed by her husband so that actually shows you know manifestation of sexual division of labor so that you know with this idea we could actually think about that you know the if you're trying to impose something which is quite new you know and the values tend to be different from the new system that has been imposed the system is modified according to the values so here basically the values is deeply entrenched a patriarchy is deeply entrenched in Indian society though although the system sells seems to be very you know what we call convenient or very you know what we call what we call a very what is very you know futuristic and it's you know you could even you know help people you know what we call and pray better you know better the status of women in society however the sense of values still remain the same we could be facing you know still problem with a new system as well so that actually is a challenge to the administration which you know which happens due to patriarchy social and sexual division of flavor let's move to what we call other form let's move to the next slide and it actually you know I would like to talk about you know in the broad perspective that how you know various kinds of entitlement is you know it is granted in Indian society based on gender status so basically let's talk about the various kind of entitlements the first is the household you know household usually if you could look then the most of the power you know it when it comes to you know ownership as well of house it is usually exercised by the male member of the society or there tends to be you know a you phenomenon that I would like to talk about again of the female member if the new member of us you know it's a newly married you know what because the female member is joining the household existing household what happens is that unless and until she doesn't provide a male child to the family she doesn't get the right to you know what we call what we call share in the household it is she sister she's considered as an outsider and she's considered as a second District she's not given the equal status in the household until she provides she gives birth to a male child so actually you know if you would look through economy survey again then it would this time Economic Survey is spinning actually you know printed with the color pink to suitcase you know what is the importance of women empowerment it has also talked about gender some metaphor efference which actually you know talks about how do too you know what we call due to the what we call desire to have son what we call parents tend to have multiple child unless and until they get son so basically the chrono survey has come up with a number that is 21 million it's a number of women or number of child you know girl child who have been unwanted where actually has been you know given birth to only because what we call their need in a male child in the family so let's move to other what we call entitlements we can talk about food if we look at that there has been ever you know what we call trend usually you know among ruler areas it is more prominent where you could see women tend to be the last person the female person member of the you know house tends to be the last and on the people who would be taking the prepared food you know the prepared food might be you know what we call a stale by that time it nor might not be it might have even loosed that lost its you know what because nutritious property and not only that you know as I talked about you know what we call childbearing woman the woman of childbearing you know who are bearing child tend to you know get selected even when it comes to nutrition due to the very same fact because they're entitlements in household entitlement society is based on gender so let's move to the other type of entitlement and it is maiden surname you must be very much aware that usually whenever a girl a woman is being married to her husband she has to go for change of surname in which he will adopt the surname of her husband usually she's not allowed to keep her own surname and that actually so you know what we call things which are pretty much no still also their entitlements is gender based and they are not given the right or what we call right choice there itself let's talk about the other entitlements in that is women ownself you know women in India society you know it becomes actually I would like to talk about you know this theory of colonization you know the woman body the woman the way women would be interacting has been colonized you know earlier before independence so you know the India got colonized by you know what we call Britain and now you know throughout that you know what we call our time line throughout the human history woman has been colonized by men and the form of what they should be you know what how they should be dressing themselves how they should be in expressing themselves how this should be you know what they called all what we called talking interacting now what kind of you know what we call a choices this would have all these things has been you know in you know what that actually you know limits their own self development of own self I must you know mention here article 21 which sage actually provide you know talks about liberty and that Liberty is to live a fulfilling life in you know when a woman own self is not under her control article 21 gets violated you know it's not manifested it's not realized in Indian society even today let's talk about another prominent entitlement which is denied to women or usually is you know rendered what is quite under the men control and that is sexuality you know there was a study you know what we call recently that you know what we call the debate on whether the marshal rape you know what should be criminalized or not was there in the what we call in the news basically you know it actually shows here you know how much control you know even the men exercise on the sexuality of women there was a study you know done by Tulsi Patel she said we you know famous research scholar see actually you know as well as the images survey which was done online which so that 97% of women tend to you know what we call tend to what we call the bend you know what we call they tend to give away to their husband demands when it comes to sexuality and they and you know the images serve eight and so that around ninety seven percent of you know men have you know during their wedded period had either you know have you know what we call undertaken what is called as martial rape so coming next and that is power as I talked about you know position of power you know India being a democracy but you got political representatives becomes self you know one who have the power to take decision in that respect I have already talked about how serpent chapati you know phenomenon exists in India now let's talk about you know at the upper level you know not only the let's talk about you know the second tire and the top tire that is the ML Legislative Assembly and the Parliament or this year it has been a good news that we had 78 MP the total you know MPs who have been elected to the Parliament however you know I would like to you know what we could talk about one of the disturbing trend and that is criminal and political Nexus you know what actually happens is that you know states where you know sex ratio of women is quite low which is an important parameter of the level of work women empowerment you know on those areas we see and we tend to see more number of women gets elected elected basically I am talking about Haryana and Punjab what happens is that you know the candidates who do not couldn't fight a you know fight election due to the criminal you know cases criminal charges that they are undergoing you know they tend to you know what we call place their wife in the as a candidate and they tend to win that actually so sit very vexes neck now you know what we call very vicious nexus between crime politics and gender representation in our legislate legislature so let's move up next – you know entitlement that is birth control here I would like to you know mention about the case of cactus girl it was reported that you know when it comes to contraception usually women are the one who have to take the clear you know who have to take that call you know usually they are being subjected to you know irreversible process of sterilization and they have greater impact when it comes to you know what we call a greater health impact when it comes to the process of sterilization in spite of that men are men usually tend to not go for such birth control practices and it remains you know the responsibility of women to take care of all this what we call there was a case in chapter square in which around ninety seven percent of what we call a sterilization was done ninety seven or somewhere and on you know plus ninety percent of you know sterilization was performed only on women it actually you know became a human right you know violation case and it was taken very seriously by the upper you know what we call upper management the comments government authority let's move I hate you know here I would like to talk about you know what we call one more thing you know one concept that is quietly you know on debate and especially with the coming of me I you know what with the proposal of the what you call National Party of you know International Congress been coming up with the idea of me I and it is quite a univer you know quite do you know what we call some tone down form of universal basic income you know what actually one of the what we call impediments or one of the challenges when it comes to administration you know for implementing universal basic income is that you know what we call if the men you know if they exercise so much of control the chances that you know the money that has been transferred to you know what we call woman member of the family could be utilized by men themselves so basically that actually shows you know that we have to come up with certain you know what we world tweaks certain you know enhancement in the very process of providing a basic income so as to you know we could match the newer sense of the society you know what we call we could understand you know how to you know that actually you know source you know why do have why do we have this you know social issues you know what we call chapter is a part of your PC preparation because tomorrow as an administrator you could be part of the policy-making and one must know how to actually you know take care of all these small nuances and ensure that it is not miss utilized let's move to the next slide and it's talking about what we call in contemporary women issue it is important because most of the social issues questions come from health and legal aspects so basically why women and health you know has such a high correlation why this metrics such as you know maternal mortality rate and what we call immunization rate has so much of you know important or what we call placement when it comes to milling and Development Goal you know even the worldwide goals are being you know even the social development programs are being you know what we call programmed around this you know parameter such as maternity mortality rate and so on basically woman and Hill Health has a very important you know relation let's talk about it in detail for a few minutes let's say you know a child mother is well educated about what are you know what contagious and non contagious disease that could come during the childbirth or you know what because in the upcoming you know what because initial is basically you know the initial years is where the brain development the mental development you know happens the most so if the health of the child is you know safe is intact in that respect you know what we call it would be better meant for tomorrows tomorrow society you know as a you know entire country you know if the woman health and the you know childbirth is taking care well off then the potential the human capital that would actually generate would be enormous and actually could be you know utilized in a very well manner so when it comes to women and health let's talk about you know sex ratio and life expectancy sex ratio become a very important parameter when it comes to women and health here for the readers I would like to you know poject question and it has been asked in the interview also of CSC what because Civil Services Examination basically I would like to know from your end at what why you know what would happen if the sex ratio in it society declines you know towards the what we call lower less number of women you know with respect to men so let me know about this in the comment section and I would review it on my own so let's move to the you know what we call life expectancy thing here I would like to talk about early May you know the you know what we call then usually you know women you know due to the as I said you know they have so much car you know what we call control of society over the sexuality so they tend to you know they're you know they're usually you know what you call push to marriage at an early age what happens is that you know due to their early marriage they tend to have less you know amount you know to in a less amount of time to invest in education get graduated maybe you know work somewhere and on the other hand as soon as said you know what we call what we call they entered into family life they are being you know forced you know as I said you know the actual status you know what we call they are granted you know a good status only when they actually provide a male child to the family so that actually shows that they have to undertake you know multiple you know pregnancy that affects their health a lot their mental health their relation that they have with the child and so on so basically or you know all this thing are so much correlated you know what happened the values that we put budgets the kind of attitude that the society have towards women and the outcome you know so this actually this entire you know thought process has been beautifully captured by Economic Survey again in which it has talked about women empowerment in three terms and that it's agency outcome and attitude I would request the viewers to please take their take some time out and you know read about what Economic Survey has talked about agency outcome and attitude when it comes to women empowerment so let's move to what we call be a let's move to the next section and that is women and law so basically if we talk about you know what we call women and law here we could come up with various instances where law has been you know initially being biased against the gender you know it what exactly the term that is being used when it comes to you know UPSC or the legal circle and that is gender neutral a you know article 15 has a specifically talk about why you know what called the Constitution guarantees you know what we call what we call gender-neutral treatment however due to as I said you know the system might be pretty much intact but the values if they doesn't change the values tend to you know what you could bend the system so that you know the the system you know the efficiency of the system decreases and so has been our Constitution when it comes to gender related issues even after independence even a 50-hour you know years after independence there are several you know what we call law which remains biased against women and which are not actually considered women with gender neutral some of them you know what we call law are such as you know marriage when it comes to still you know we have you know what we call the manageable age of women excuse me the manageable age for that set for women is 18 on the other hand the men the male member are you know the manageable is for them is 21 years that actually shows a distinction interestingly you know what we call the Law Commission of India has recommended that you know the law should be you know what we call chaste and both for male and female the manageable age should be kept 21 so that actually so that with time there is bound to be you know changes toward realizing our constitutional idols let's move to next and that is what we call a dowry system the dowry Prohibition Act was passed in 1961 interestingly there was a UN report which showed that in spite of around 10 years of passing the law only 7% of women knew that there existed a law which is against which you know what you call which prevents them which protects them when it comes to dowry harassment so was the case of sexual harassment as well up to 19 what were 1990s on unless of vishakha guideline scheme there existing there existed no single law of which protected women from sexual harassment at workplace all the woman has been part of the labor force since independence and before independence as well the law that do you know evolution of law so as to curb the MAL practices so as to curb the sexual harassment at the workplace has been non-existent even the sexual harassment at workplace act was actually being brought by the Parliament in the year of 2013 so I would be talking about who would be called sexual harassment in details in the questionnaire success this section which I have kept at the end of the lecture let's move to what we call divorce divorce actually has been an important what we call you know recent happenings what we call recent you know what we call what we call popular things that have been in popular debate because of the you know what called nor passing law you know and actually the triple cell of judgment that was given by Supreme Court so here one question to the viewers you know I would request them to you know talk about the pros the pro and con of the triple Tallaght law that has a bill that has been proposed that was proposed by the previous come in I'd like to know your opinion on the bill let's move to other laws which include property and inheritance you must be aware that the property and inherit inheritance are kind of entitlements and you know until the hindu succession act and Hindu Marriage Act were not amended women were not provide equal rights when it comes to email property of their father so basically what happens is that when a woman leaves her home after marriage she actually you know loses all the control over the asset when it comes to this for her father so in that way you know the vulnerability of women increases you know that's why you know tires become pretty much you know a very high risk in exercise to undertake so all this thing if you could connect you know I hope you are able to understand at how things one you know what we call one kind of treatment of women is quite related with another kind of treatment of women and both the places women are not being created as part at par with men let's talk about what we call in the maternity benefit Act which was a recent you know act being amended in which 26 weeks of maternity you know leave paid maternity leave was provided to women interestingly the palimpsest a question with respect to maternity benefit act here I would like to talk about you know how again you know it does even though the law the system is quite you know what futuristic if the bad news doesn't change we tend to have the Ripper question you know the actual realizing of you know what we call true nature and spirit you know in whatever is what we call written and you know what we call whatever is written and realizing it in the spirit becomes difficult thing let's talk about the morality benefit and in this perspective basically one of the disadvantage that the maternity benefit Act has is that it does not provide simultaneously a paternity benefit you know the paternity when you know what we call law for the paternity you know what you call leave wait what happens in that scenario is that companies who are hiring would bias against women employ because they know that their work they would be out of the workforce and still we have to pay so basically if the law is not gender neutral it is bound to keep active you know bound to provide disadvantage to that section and for sure let's move to you know one of the next important very topic and that is what we call crime against women crime against women you know if you could recall the famous nearby our you know incident that happened in Delhi you know it actually you know what we call soup the entire country so that is one of the most cruel manifestation of kindness moment but here I would like to talk about at various levels what kind of crimes actually you know happens against women some of them you know what because crimes that actually occurs which I could mean are sati something you know has been again in recent debate in a certain you know section of people were saying that you know only to impose Christianity or you know soak is the severity of Christianity certain section of people have why you know what we call will repent against sati on the other hand we must respect and we must realize that Raja Ram Mohan Roy has done a wonderful work when it comes to his you know crusade against RT because 13 it has been one of the most heinous crime that was being what we call committed against women in India so you know the people who actually you know undergoes such a ritual could actually understand to what extent such a crime is you know so heinous in nature let's talk about another form of crime and that is violence against women basically if violence against women could range from violence at workplace violence at even home the very idea of having a home is that it's it tend to be very much you know what we call comfortable it tends to provide your protection it is a basic you know vertical idea when we think about home however given the you know lower status given the denial of rights to the woman women tend to face you know problem even when it comes to homely location that's why you know the act called as domestic violence act was brought by the Indian power it has been to a degree successful and now the Supreme Court has honorable Supreme Court as women tried to bring gender neutrality in that act as well by providing equal opportunity for women and men to find but to your cases when it comes to domestic violence against women so basically what we call as I said with as the time we are moving towards you know our what you call goals that was being envisaged by the Constitution father so let's me move to another form of crime and that actually happen against women and that is sex determination test it is legally prohibited by law and there has it's a very strict law however you know still you know given the what we call their famous you know what we call the crooks or you know given the low cost you know cost of the Machine and everything basically sex determination still is popular in various states so you know there was a report again I would like to cite and which you know once readers could actually know for you know but because information purpose is that one of the region this time beti bachao beti but now you know what we call program was very successful in the successfully executed in haryana was due to the what we call cooperation between the state of Haryana and the adjoining states in which are due to the what we have what happened is that you know there was a crackdown of by police against this you know what we call people who and against these lamps who used to perform the sex determination test however when there was no cooperation district test labs used to move to the you know border areas of the other state here the cooperation of state police between the state of Haryana as well as other adjoining states have been one of the region for you know the success that we found in the beti bachao beti padam program here I would like to request the huge you know viewers that tell me you know what we call what is the main objective opt but our beti bachao beti cut out you know what you call a scheme in the comment section thank you so let's move to the other form of what we call a crime against women and that is indecent representation of women basically there exists a law which prohibits however due to the ambiguity that exists when it comes to what we call what we call interpretation of which representation is indecent or not that this kind of you know what we call treatments tend to perpetuate there has been several you know what because there has been several uproar in the social media as well if you have been following regarding what we call representation of women as what we call popular you know what we call characteristics such as snogging that actually tends to what we call you know we see it the women the kind of you know representation the kind of you know what we call a mindset and attitude that is developed in the society when it comes to representation of women so that is something that you know we could talk about so when it comes to crime against women it's not only the law that we have to actually think about the implementation of the law actually becomes all also a challenge and that is something that you could note in the challenge of administration when it comes to crime against women I'd like to quote here a report in which there you know what where the it actually talked about what where the advantage that happen when the woman representatives were elected from a certain constituency or one child and that was that the amount of you know what we call reporting of crimes increased so it isn't you know one couldn't say that that crime actually decreased however one could actually note here that the reporting increased so that actually shows that there you know among the women community itself if there is a woman representative there tends to be you know greater amount of confidence when it comes to reporting of crime there are other things also that has you know initiative that also could be taken and could be used you know this this very things could be utilized in your carrier as well as when it comes to what we call coating in the ethics paper and that is you know having women only what we call police station or having you know or what we call a woman you know representative in the police station so that they one could actually approach them and you know what we call take a report of the crime that has happened so these things could be actually coated when it comes to when where are the you know lacunae sore where are the areas where you know implementation of what we call law becomes an issue let's move to the other you know major topic and that is women organization here I would like to talk about what is organization so I must say here that one of the region you know one of the region or one of the you know what we call a thing thing where I gave so much emphasis and that was definition because you know if you have some definition already made up in your mind already you know you know they're existing in your mind you could actually pretty much use it as a introduction in question that has been asked in the means so for example if you know that organization what is the definition of an organization you could actually start without thinking you know when it comes to the question about women organization organization is basically you know it's a what we call it's a group of people who have this you know certain set protocol of you know how information and distant you know King takes place so basically organization means there is a set protocol for information flow either top to bottom or bottom to up as well as there is a set protocol on how decision you know making occur so that becomes one of the two primary you know what they call features of organization so let's move to you know what we call women organizations you know some of the prominent actually you know women movement and or I said that was taken care of I start here from you know 19th century where charge a time of social you know what he called revolution in India the prominent among was such this so the famous which was what we call carried out by Jyothi waffle a you know so basically the circus other semaj has been very popular in terms of spreading education among women at that time as well as giving what we call relief getting giving refused to women who have you know who are divorced or you know who have been facing certain problem because of the caste connotation attached to them so apart from that we have Brahmo Samaj Arya Samaj you know popularly who have worked you know although not as you know women a specific organization however one of the goals of them you know how one of the goal that they wanted to achieve was you know a better treatment for the woman in India in the society so let's talk about other women organization that has been popular when it comes through when it comes to what we call in what we call after independence and those which I would like to quote would be the self-employed woman Association and it was you know what because the leader was a lob but and she was a Gandhian socialist leader here again I have a request to the vertical viewers everybody would must should be knowing that the DP SP has been divided into three types I would like to them to mention what are the Guardian socialist or sorry what are the socialist DP SP and what are the Gandhian da PSP and I wonder the liberal do you know what we called epsp that is present write in the comment section let's move to the actual topic and that is a self-employed woman Association because what actually this was say was you know what people have started it was to provide informal you know what we call education informal is killing two women who have been you know what we call working in in sorry skill and education to women who are either working in informal organization or who have been you know forced to you know who have been thrown out of jobs when from the place which used to be a formal organization so another you know let's move to another example of women organization and that is anti price rise moment anti price rise moment and nerd advanced samithy it originated in what we called maharashtra it was that during that time you know what because the the urban woman the woman who has to you know the woman actually i must say here that you know they are the people who they're the section of the you know what because society who are given the representation who are given the responsibility to take care of the finances of the host hi so a household basically they manage the finance when it comes to household expenditure in that respect you know the woman especially the urban woman in maharashtra they why you know what we call started a revolt against the price wise woman and it became the anti-christ rice front and not near Mansa methi or the one of the popular you know way through which they you know express their anguish against um you know what we call government inability to curb the price rise what pie you know what because it's popular you know even it might have seen it's in the movie also they used to use what we call what we call beylin the you know rolling pin as well as what we call what we call the plate in which we tend to have food they used to you know what we call make slogan as well as beat the what we call the plate with rolling pin the steel plate with a rolling pin to make sound and you know their masses their anguish to the government of the day that the price rise is not being addressed here I would like to take a pause and you know talk about one of the popular interview question and that is you know usually that is asked by you know members and that is are you a feminist so here you know this is what's something or you know this is what online or this is on this is what you know in line of which I prepared my answer and that was you know see we as a people you know we have been you know what we call not only a graduate we have been you know preparing for this you know civil services and as a result of which we have come you know we become more generally aware of one of the problem though you know what do you call the circumstances though you know what we call the crime and what because the ill treatment you know that the woman have been facing since you know time immemorial so basically you know if feminist stands for equal rights of men and women I believe everyone who is a general graduate should be a feminist so that was some answer which I thought I would be giving if I were asked I would hear is a request to the viewers that please let me know your opinion about this interview question in the comment section let's talk about let's move to the end of the discussion of this chapter and that is what we call what we call the achievements you know is as I said you know with time there has been evolution not only in law the government initiative as well you know Pia what the government has been has understood that you know especially when it comes to you know reaping the demographic dividend and so on you know increasing the literacy the social parameter of the society it is very important that we have to focus on women and gender related issues even when it comes to implementation of the law one of the problem the one of the problem that we have been facing is due to what we call what the you know what because gender bias that exists in the society so basically you know prominent you know achievements which I would like to personally talk about is the Giannini Suraksha Yojana which has been which actually provides you know certain caste benefits when you go for what is to to us institutionalize delivery it's actually you know the ten-year survey of generally selects I use not came up and one of the prominent you know thing that actually it noted and it was that you know even among minority woman there has been increased a minority woman as well as low-income women there has been an increase of the number of institutional delivery that actually saw that Jenna nice Roxio is now has been quite you know successful when it comes to you know elevation of problem that the woman is facing apart from that if you you know if you ask you know you could come up with several other achievements and I would like to know in the comment section it's a request to the viewers still you know there is a long march to go actually I must say achievements you know we are still in the process if we could know if people are aware you know there are a sustainable development del Development Goals which you know I say which are gender it's you know a specific what we call goals that has been set and if we look at the performance not only in India there are other countries as well we are quite lagging when it comes to the sustainable development goals especially gender related goals so here I would like to note you know making mention of the report of the World Economic Forum which is a think-tank global think-tank which actually talks about that nearly 200 plus years more than 200 years would be required to plug the gender gap the gender gap which World Economic Forum is talking about ranges from gap in employment in education and in political representation as well as health here again you know what because I have a request to that you know what we call the replay the viewers that please let please stir you know what we call write in the comment system is a section about the gender gap report that the that comes out and water what we call pillars on which this report is being created let us move to the final section and as I said you know we might study a lot you know we might you know go refer to multiple sources ultimately means is about you know handing answers if you are able to compose a really good answer in 250 words and eight minutes I believe your entire preparation would be you know very successful and you would find certainly make it to the list so let's move and that's why I put so much emphasis at you know discussing questions daily again you know as I told earlier also it's a request of the viewers that please paste your answer in the comment section so that I am able to see that how well you are able to understand the kind of you know what we call instruction I am giving when it comes to writing a good answer in mains again as I talked in the first lecture itself another pro tip is writing introduction and conclusion at the same time you know at least thinking about it at the same time let's talk about the question of the of today and address discuss the important regions behind sexual harassment at workplace what are the majors required to handle this challenge I must say here that not only in the first paper that is society the social issue gs1 this is also an important topic when it comes to gs4 so basically this question is important from ethics perspective as well along with gs1 social issues let's move let us discuss the answer very soon as I said it's a question of four means and one of the pro tip to save your time as well as you know make a good image in front of the invigilator is to think about introduction and conclusion at the same time so basically you could actually you know the what we call one of the way of introduction is you know what we call mentioning the recent examples recent incidents which have been news which have been in news basically that you know if you are able to start your answer with recent you know article examples it actually so case how well here you are able to connect how well you are able to you know what to come up with you know what the correlation between the question that is asked and the happenings that is happened you know events that is happening in the country so inter intra introduction of sexual harassment at workplace could range from the case where you know a cabinet minister was accused of sexual harassment and then of course the case where the Supreme Court chief disturb India was also accused latter you know both these cases were resolved however it actually souls at the you know the tendency or the notion of sexual harassment actually exist in higher clearance as well here also I would like to talk about the you know what we call areas where we actually you know which are not being even captured I'd like to talk about the sexual harassment that actually occurs in informal sector sectors such as brick like you know what we call brick making or construction where a last term of women employees are actually you know what we call employer however they have no recourse they have no idea of you know in law existing which tends to actually protect them from sexual harassment you know moving to the question again you know once the introduction is then I believe the conclusion at the same time since it is based on recent examples I believe you know its summary of recent initiative that the government has taken you know could be you know a good conclusion you know which could actually you know complete the idea of having introduction and conclusion in a synchronous manner so let's talk about the body in which you would be given the important regions of sexual harassment at workplace and here I would like to quote you know a report by The Economist The Economist is a popular magazine which is being you know what we call published from UK so basically it talked about three main region for sexual harassment at work place and it is power impunity and silence power you know basically this three you know what we call which I say power which I actually call us you know sip is power impunity and silence to describe you know in detail I should say that when sexual harassment at workplace happens you know it usually occurs when people who are placed at power people you know who are placed at powerful position tend to misuse that power the second you know what we call a problem is impunity in which you let things happen in which you know you know you could have reported you have you know you witnessed is case of sexual harassment happening around you however you tend to sleep on it and that is second region while such you know cases occurs third is silence in which person who have been subjected to such a what we call sexual harassment tend not to come up in the public tend not to you know what because I reported to the crime investigation agency and that actually perpetuates this very problem this very heinous crime of sexual harassment the implication are many in which the labor participation force or you know rate big off women you know labor force participation rate decreases and that actually affects the economy not only economy you know if you think it from ethical and moral grounds we as an individual as a human being must be able to provide a very homely atmosphere for the very other human being to realize your potential if such a thing is not being you know what we call provide it in the workplace I believe it's not worthy to be called as human workplace let's move to the other you know what we call other part of the you know what we call question and that is what measures are required to handle this challenge I believe you know here you could actually come up with innovative measures as well which I request you know what we call users you know what we call the viewers to write in the comment section one of the pro tip which I you know what we call discussed in the first lecture and that was you know whenever there is a question regarding social issues please try to have a technological solution to it so we could come up actually with certain number of technical logical you know what you call solution such as installing CCTVs so that it deters the individual you know who would be both going for it or having a you know network having a very easy complaint to you know what we call anonymous way of complaining or if a very easy wait you know online you know complain what we call manner in which you know what we call a person who is facing such you know problem could actually report you know in that way it could be you know a very wonderful step when it comes to you know here I would like to talk about the law itself okay the law actually says that you know what we call the law is not very much clear about the sexual harassment at workplace prevention the law which has been through entering law it's not very much clear about with respect to the punishment many a time what happens is that you know we tell the the management our you know what we call the managerial your desk they tend to what we call transfer the person you know what we call who has complained you know the two parties who you know who are party of this case usually get transferred to different location and in that way you know the case is resolved however in my personal opinion you know it actually doesn't debtors and it actually fails the very a m– of having a criminal law which aims to curb the sexual harassment that is one of my personal opinion as I said you know the majors that is required to handle this challenge I would request the viewers to write it in the comment section apart from that yes of course you could actually you know raw or you know talk about what the Constitution has talked about you know twenty-one and everything what the law actually talk is talks about such as the vishakha guidelines given by the Honorable Supreme Court and sexual harassment and workplace prevention the 13 act and then yes of course the semi you know the corporate you know body of you what you call the regulator you know market regulator has actually come up with certain guidelines for you know what we call public listed companies to you know half so that is also something you know one could take actually then again when it comes to you know what we call in the way forward you could actually you know talk about initiative that we could take at the individual and body corporate individual level we should make you know we should have very a good you know what you call idea of what actually you know a very good emotional intelligence in which we tend not to abuse the power which we have been provided at the level of body corporate is very good you know what because seminar a very good training on which we are we are you know the every members of the corporate is being taught that what is right and what is wrong you know where the line has to be drawn such kind of seminar and exercises could actually me is sensitize the people and they would be more what we call they would be more what they would be more what we call ready or maybe you know to handle such a scenario as I said the conclusion introduction should be sync and I have already discussed with the conclusion so here is the final request for my students and they what I want to say is that please write the complete answer which would include the introduction body and conclusion and please follow the pro tip as well as the instances that I have given in the lecture in the answer and post it in the comment session I would be reviewing it but on my own the next lecture you know what we call would be tomorrow evening and the time would be between 6:30 to seven which would be announced which would be you know communicated to you by tomorrow afternoon thank you




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