Falklands War 1982 DOCUMENTARY


The Falklands War, also known as the Malvina
War, was a unique conflict, both in terms of its participants and the way it was fought.
Although the losses were relatively low and the status of the territory the sides fought
for remained disputed, the war changed the political fates of the governments both in
Argentina and the United Kingdom, increased patriotic fervour in both countries and influenced
their mainstream culture. Welcome to our video on the Falklands War, voted for by our patrons
and youtube members. If you are interested in the history of this era, don’t forget
to check out our second channel – The Cold War – the link is in the top right corner. This video was sponsored by Raid: Shadow Legends.
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courtesy of the dev team! The Falklands Islands are an archipelago in
the South Atlantic, which has been ruled by Britain since 1833. It is 13000 km away from
Britain and 650 km away from Argentina. And while the Falklands are British territory,
Argentina has historically had a claim to the islands, which they call Malvina Islas.
Argentina had been ruled by a military junta after the 1976 coup d’état. A new junta,
led by the acting president General Leopoldo Galtieri, Air Brigadier General Basilio Lami
Dozo and Admiral Jorge Anaya came to power in 1981, amidst grave a economic crisis and
civil unrest in Argentina. The Junta viewed invasion of the Falklands as an opportunity
to divert people’s attention from internal problems and unite Argentinians around a potential
national victory. The junta knew that the Falklands issue is
very sensitive for many Argentinians. A Member of the Junta Admiral Anaya, who was the architect
of the plan, strongly believed that it would not be difficult to conquer the Falkland Islands,
due to a small British military presence and the unwillingness of the UK to enter a conflict
so far away from Britain. Argentina started the invasion of the Falklands
on April 2nd, 1982 with amphibious commandos troops under the command of Lieutenant Commander
Guillermo Sanchez-Sabarots landing near Cape Pembroke. The Argentinian invasion forces
were 600 troops strong against 50-100 British troops in the Falklands. The Argentines were
able to defeat the British in the Moody Brook Barracks and then take the Government House
in Port Stanley. This effectively meant the defeat of the British in the Falklands. Argentina
was able to gain initial success, suffering just one casualty. This was the first time
a British territory was invaded by a foreign power since World War II.
Britain responded by creating a War Cabinet and deciding to send a task force to regain
control of the Falklands. The War Cabinet was meeting daily and it is said that, prime
minister Margaret Thatcher was very attentive to propositions by the opposition, but was
resolute in execution of decisions which had already been made, and “never looked back”.
The task force was gathered hastily and started setting sail for the Falkland Islands on April
4th. Some vessels of the Task Force left Britain as late as May 12th. The task force consisted
of 127 ships: 43 Royal Navy vessels, 22 Royal Fleet Auxiliary ships and 62 merchant ships,
including two aircraft carriers. Britain had 42 aircraft versus 122 Argentine
aircraft. Britain’s strategy was to secure complete
air and sea dominance around the Falkland Islands through its navy and aircraft, before
the deployment of ground troops. Britain wanted to create a so-called exclusion zone for 200
miles around the Islands, to prevent any Argentinian vessels operating around the Falklands. Argentina
tried to counter this strategy by surrounding the British Navy gathering in the Northeast
of the Falklands from the South and the Northwest of the Islands.
On May 1st the British operations on the Falklands opened with the “Black Buck 1” attack on the
airfield at Stanley, which did minimal damage to the aircraft runways on the Falklands,
but at the same time prevented the Argentines from stationing their air force directly on
the Islands. On May 2nd the British submarine HMS Conqueror
sank Argentinian light cruiser ARA General Belgrano, which forced the Southern part of
Argentine fleet to go back to the mainland and effectively killed the plan of surrounding
the British Navy. 323 crew members of the General Belgrano died in this incident, which
was almost half of the total Argentine casualties during the war.
Argentina retaliated two days later with the sinking of the destroyer HMS Sheffield with
an Exocet missile. Britain was not able to secure complete dominance
of air and sea around the Falklands, but still decided to proceed with deployment of its
troops to the Islands despite the risks. On May 21st the 4,000 men of 3 Commando Brigade
were put ashore as follows: 2nd Battalion, Parachute Regiment (2 Para)
from the RORO ferry Norland and 40 Commando Royal Marines from the amphibious ship HMS
Fearless were landed at San Carlos; 3rd Battalion, Parachute Regiment (3 Para) on the amphibious
ship HMS Intrepid landed at Port San Carlos (Green Beach) and 45 Commando from RFA Stromness
was landed at Ajax Bay (Red Beach). Argentina strengthened its attack on the British
Navy with an aim to destroy as much supply and support as they could to make the lives
of British troops in the Falklands as hard as possible. The following vessels were destroyed
between May 21-25: HMS Ardent on the 21st of May, HMS Antelope on the 24th May, and
MV Atlantic Conveyor on the 25th of May along with a vital cargo of helicopters, runway-building
equipment and tents. Also lost on this day was HMS Coventry. The initial British plan
was to move troops in helicopters over the island due to the very difficult landscape
of the Falklands for marching. The destruction of the helicopters was a very heavy blow for
the land campaign of the British Troops, since the land troops were forced to move on foot
instead. Argentina had 2000 of its troops in the East
Falklands, 1000 at Goose Green and around 10000 in the Stanley area. It is necessary
to note that, despite numerical superiority, the majority of the Argentine troops were
conscripts, which obviously meant that the Argentines were at a disadvantage in comparison
to the professional British troops. From early on the 27th of May until the 28th
of May, 2 Para – approximately 500 men – with artillery support from 8 Commando Battery,
Royal Artillery, approached and attacked Goose Green, which was held by the Argentine 12th
Infantry Regiment. The Argentines were on the ridge, giving them an advantage over the
British troops. 2 Para intended to complete the battle during the night, since they would
have been easy targets during daylight, but they failed to do so.
The British were able to succeed in pushing the Argentines deep into Goose Green after
14 hours of intense battle, due to the decision to send 2 companies to move around the ridge
and surprise the Argentines from their left flank, and the timely attack of 2 Harrier
Jets on the artillery positions of the 12th Infantry Regiment. Both sides were exhausted.
Despite being in a precarious position themselves, the British commander Keeble decided to take
his chances and send a request of surrender to the Argentines in a very confident and
demanding tone, threatening them with bombardment. The Argentine commander Piaggi reluctantly
agreed. As a result, 961 Argentine soldiers were taken as prisoners of war by the British.
A significant part of the Argentine troops were defeated.
By June 1st a further 5000 British troops arrived and the offensive on Stanley was to
start. Major General Moore was to lead the British offensive of around 9000 troopa. The
plan was to proceed in two stages. The first stage was to defeat the Argentine troops in
and around Mount Longdon, while the second stage focused on Mount Tumbledown. The success
of this plan would open the road to Stanley. The supplies and reinforcements were to be
transported by the Royal Fleet Auxiliary in Bluff Clove on June 8th at night, but due
to a lack of coordination the operation had to proceed in the daylight. This was spotted
by the Argentines and they launched an airstrike on those ships. As a result, the British suffered
their heaviest single loss in the Falklands War, with 56 servicemen killed. Argentine
General Mario Menéndez, commander of Argentine forces in the Falklands, was told that 900
British soldiers had died. He expected that the losses would cause enemy morale to drop
and the British assault to stall. The British assault on Mount Harriet, Two
Sisters and Mount Longdon started simultaneously on July 11th after a long and painful march
from San Carlos. After heavy fighting, Britain succeeded, despite losing 33 of its soldiers.
Argentina lost 59 personnelle. On the night of June 13th, Britain defeated
Argentina at Mount Tumbledown thanks to the immense bravery of the Scots Guards. This
battle cost 10 British lives and 30 Argentine and opened the road to Stanley for the British
Troops. On June 14th a ceasefire was declared and Britain was in control of the Falklands.
Argentina lost 649 servicemen versus 255 British losses in 74 days of conflict.
The Falklands War resulted in the restoration of the British reign over the Islands. Britain
started to invest more in the Islands and gradually surrendered more power to the residents
of the Falklands. Thatcher’s Conservative government became more popular and won the
general elections in the following year in a landslide, despite being behind in polls
prior to the start of the war. The military Junta was ousted in Argentina
partly due to the defeat in the Falklands War. Argentina restored democracy in 1983. We are planning to cover more modern conflicts
both on the Kings and Generals and our second channel The Cold War – the link to which
you can find in the description or in the top right corner, so make sure you are subscribed
to both. We would like to express our gratitude to our Patreon supporters and channel members,
who make the creation of our videos possible. Now, you can also support us by buying our
merchandise via the link in the description. This is the Kings and Generals channel, and
we will catch you on the next one.




Comments
  1. You can support our efforts by becoming our patron: https://www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals
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  2. it was dirty politics to remain in power by British ruling party, they remained low def to invite argentine to attack falkland then regain control over it. just to win the election.. nice politics but cost human lives.

  3. Las malvinas son Argentinas, algún día volveremos y haremos cenizas a Reino Unido en forma de venganza. Recuerden mis palabras..

  4. You haven’t mention tht bravely warriors who fought from britain in falkland war. Its like you have include half education only.👎🏼👎🏼👎🏼👎🏼👎🏼. Make video with full knowledge or dont make half knowledge video.

  5. To this day, Argentinians refer to it as the 'islas malvinas'. It is a great shame to call them the Falklands.

  6. Great Britain was ready to go to the Malvinas because that was their plan to force Argentina to take over the islands so they have an excuse for war.

  7. My brother was in the end of his artificer apprentice training at HMS Fisgard when the war broke out and we had moved to Canada in 1980 and phone calls were not regular which left my parents nervous. As it turned out my brother missed the war by about 6 months so we were told when he came for holidays in 83 or 84. As my brother was told by the brass in the navy they were lucky to win because the forces were basically on cruise control for a few decades and resting on there laurels of past glory and conquest, just as a fighter who trains but never fights you only know if your ready if tested . For starters the frigates Coventry and Sheffield should of had the Phalanx anti missile gatling gun installed which would of mitigated the effectiveness of the exocet missiles success ratio. Decades of labor party budget cuts essentially hamstrung the British military into being a paper tiger with soft teeth if really tested outside there comfort zone. My father who served 24 years in the RAF reaching Warrant Officer air traffic controller had similar stories of no live fire exercises and no touch and goes because of tire wear on aircraft shows an attitude of indifference by the government of the day. As my father says the military is an insurance policy and you better make sure your policy is paid in full when you need them or suffer the consequences. In closing my brother went to the reunion in 2018 which is supposed to be the last so not sure if there will be artificer training going forward but he reached the rank of Chief Petty Officer and left after 12 years.

  8. Why don't they just move like 5000 Argentines there and then have the Argentines in the Falklands call on the UN to allow them to have a referendum on the island.

  9. Stupid argentinas hunta should just put 100000 troops that time before british task force arrived and that would be game over for brits😉

  10. Hello, Nice video and summary of the conflict thanks. I believe it is nice to be mentioned that after the first Exocet kill there were no more with the Exocet missiles. Due to UK getting the control codes from France, for them and make the missiles useless. The Argentinians did a credible job but were doomed from the start.

  11. Whatever the Argentines were thinking, they needed more study. For some reason, Argentina, one of the sad underachievers on the world stage imagined itself better than Great Britain! If you follow Argentine affairs this is par for the course. There is no better example of a loose cannon aimed by a politic of military dictatorship or mob rule. Don't Argentines (with many exceptions, of course) have any understanding of what a rogue country they have become? Baby kissing Peronista, vanished citizens, default and suicidal war. What a country. What was once one of the richest countries has fallen to the lower second tier entirely by its own merits and the immaturity of its electorate.

  12. Unbelievable, Reagan was controlled. U.s. should have sided with Argentina and enforced the Monroe Doctrine. Bad call Reagen, Bush, or Poindexter. None of this intercontinental unsupervised conflict should have occured in the western hemisphere, period.

  13. I love watching these videos but come on at least tell the whole story we can assess the battle. The British would have lost unless the USA got Chile to agree to share their upside-down radar with the British to more effectively deal with the Exocet. This is important as the USA still believes that aircraft carriers can be used to effectively project power. Not so.

  14. What is it Brits and thier wars? Not very many of them are hyped and glorified, exept at home. Most other places, they are considered as means of exploitation and agression. Maybe not so much this one, but most other wars are. Maybe they should work on thier understanding, seen in a world perspective. Then maybe they would come to an other conclusion about brexit. Remember: We are in it together. It is not the Brits against the rest of the world – or Europe…

  15. Falkland War ended and on the same day, World Cup 1982 began, which they both joined. Coincidence? I think not 🙂

  16. Had French not showed their Frenchness aka stopping & compromising the Exsocet Missiles to Argentina then the outcome of the battle would not be in favour of UK.

  17. videowas just fine…surprise me that kings and generals didnt mention that the sinking of the belgrano was a war crime..the ship was outside the exclusion zone that the britainsitself declare..the other thing that you fail to mention was that the soldiers that really defeat the argentains conscripts was the gurkas mercenarys from nepal….so much for british professional soldiers…

  18. Hi, your channel is both entertaining and informative. Any chance of producing an episode on the siege of Vukovar during the 1990's Croatian and Serbian conflict? The siege is fascinating from a military perspective, a small poorly armed Croatian force composed of civilians and military held out for months against a vastly more numerous and better armed Yugoslav army and Serbian militia force, who ultimately destroyed the city in order to capture it.

  19. Love the way you show the events unfold and your voice over. How bout a documentary on Shivaji? or the Maraths

  20. A masterpiece of art. Makes history so much more exciting. Hope will see about the Chaco war 1932-35 and the War of the tripple alliance with Paraguay against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay,,,

  21. Argentinians and south american countries are shit , .. uncontrollable and unmanageable people, …(except Brazilians), …..i worked there , i tell you , what a mess , mtf people ( 90%)

  22. There was no declaration of war by ethier it was an international police action. Use of the word war can be put down to the media and for this it has to be a thumbs down.

  23. You have red berets on Two Sisters and Mount Harriet. I’d be obliged if you made those green berets. Ex Zulu Coy, 45 Cdo Gp

  24. You forgot to mention that the islands were being illegally occupied by Britain and that a military force of mostly conscripts had the same casualties as professional soldiers. But the rest I guess is ok

  25. As most of the western always say, they should follow the judgement of international tribunal. According to international law, the Falklands belong to Argentina.

  26. SMH. The Falklands War was a shitshow from the beginning. Decades of budget and force cuts by politicians in order to fund politically popular social programs meant that the Royal Navy, Army and RAF reg weren't able to effectively fight the Argentineans. Most of the Argentinean equipment and ships were surplus US WW2 equipment. The scary Belgrano itself was an old Brooklyn-class Light-Cruiser that was obsolete by the end of WW2. Even their Air Force mostly consisted of obsolete aircraft designed in the 1950s. If it weren't for the Bravery, courage and resiliency of the British troops, they likely would have lost the Falklands War.

    It's a shame Britain didn't try to maintain military parity with the US. A single US Navy taskforce would have wiped the floor with the Argentines without even breaking a sweat. Then again, they probably never would have tried. JS.

  27. Argentina: Oh, uh, I have got some internal problems. I guess, I will mess with the British to distract people from problems at home…
    Britain: I will end this country´s whole career!

  28. "50 to 100 British troops"? bit vague don't you think? Moody Brook Barracks was empty & no effort was made to defend it therefore no "British" to defeat. 1 casualty? I think the Royal Marines of Naval Party 8901 would have something to say about that.

  29. Do you have any idea who fought against Argentine in Falkland war? The Gurkha along with British soldiers fought together and won the war of Falkland.

  30. Let's hope future videos have both more depth and accuracy. It's nat hard to find out how many Royal Marines were in the Faulkland's when Argentina invaded, or the position of the ships.

  31. Why do you mention the immense bravery of the Scots Gaurds at Mount Tumbledown, but not those of any other units.

  32. It was a very, very costly war for the brits. In retrospect, I think Argentina thought the international community would back their claims of rightful sovereignty to the Falklands, and that if they showed hostility towards British 'colonialism', moral exculaption on behalf of British society would allow them to take what they wanted by force. However, most of the people of Argentina are not native. Most, somewhere in the 75 percentile, are of Spanish and Italian ancestry so their rightful claims to lands based on hypocritical lies rang pretty damn hollow. What's more, when looking back, you'd think the situation put the US in an ackward position considering that the British were trying to reoccupy lands in it's own sphere of influence. Under any other circumstances, if China, Russia, or anyone else were to try and do the same the US would not allow it.

  33. 11:30
    The assault starts on july 11th, then on june 13th they win at mount tumbledown? did these guys fight for almost one year or did the whole assault only take place in june or july and there is an error?

  34. I was 9 years old. Now it's 2019 and Britain is definitely lacking patriotic fervor. If Argentina wanted to, they can do it again. Britain will only shrug.

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