The Falklands War, also known as the Malvina
War, was a unique conflict, both in terms of its participants and the way it was fought.
Although the losses were relatively low and the status of the territory the sides fought
for remained disputed, the war changed the political fates of the governments both in
Argentina and the United Kingdom, increased patriotic fervour in both countries and influenced
their mainstream culture. Welcome to our video on the Falklands War, voted for by our patrons
and youtube members. If you are interested in the history of this era, don’t forget
to check out our second channel – The Cold War – the link is in the top right corner. This video was sponsored by Raid: Shadow Legends.
Forget everything you know about mobile games, because one of the most ambitious RPG projects
of 2019 has just been released. Raid: Shadow Legends is the most immersive experience you’ll
find on a smartphone, and it can only really be compared with the biggest PC and Console
titles. And it’s totally free! Raid has everything RPG needs – amazing storyline,
awesome 3D graphics, giant boss fights, PVP battles, and hundreds of champions to collect
and customize. Look how crazy the level of detail is on these Champions!
Raid is getting big real fast, so get in early, as starting now will give you a huge head
start. There’s also an upcoming Special Launch Tournament with crazy in-game prizes
and real-life physical prize packs. So, Download raid ONLY through my links in the description
to get 50,000 Silver immediately, and a free Epic Champion as part of the new player program,
courtesy of the dev team! The Falklands Islands are an archipelago in
the South Atlantic, which has been ruled by Britain since 1833. It is 13000 km away from
Britain and 650 km away from Argentina. And while the Falklands are British territory,
Argentina has historically had a claim to the islands, which they call Malvina Islas.
Argentina had been ruled by a military junta after the 1976 coup d’état. A new junta,
led by the acting president General Leopoldo Galtieri, Air Brigadier General Basilio Lami
Dozo and Admiral Jorge Anaya came to power in 1981, amidst grave a economic crisis and
civil unrest in Argentina. The Junta viewed invasion of the Falklands as an opportunity
to divert people’s attention from internal problems and unite Argentinians around a potential
national victory. The junta knew that the Falklands issue is
very sensitive for many Argentinians. A Member of the Junta Admiral Anaya, who was the architect
of the plan, strongly believed that it would not be difficult to conquer the Falkland Islands,
due to a small British military presence and the unwillingness of the UK to enter a conflict
so far away from Britain. Argentina started the invasion of the Falklands
on April 2nd, 1982 with amphibious commandos troops under the command of Lieutenant Commander
Guillermo Sanchez-Sabarots landing near Cape Pembroke. The Argentinian invasion forces
were 600 troops strong against 50-100 British troops in the Falklands. The Argentines were
able to defeat the British in the Moody Brook Barracks and then take the Government House
in Port Stanley. This effectively meant the defeat of the British in the Falklands. Argentina
was able to gain initial success, suffering just one casualty. This was the first time
a British territory was invaded by a foreign power since World War II.
Britain responded by creating a War Cabinet and deciding to send a task force to regain
control of the Falklands. The War Cabinet was meeting daily and it is said that, prime
minister Margaret Thatcher was very attentive to propositions by the opposition, but was
resolute in execution of decisions which had already been made, and “never looked back”.
The task force was gathered hastily and started setting sail for the Falkland Islands on April
4th. Some vessels of the Task Force left Britain as late as May 12th. The task force consisted
of 127 ships: 43 Royal Navy vessels, 22 Royal Fleet Auxiliary ships and 62 merchant ships,
including two aircraft carriers. Britain had 42 aircraft versus 122 Argentine
aircraft. Britain’s strategy was to secure complete
air and sea dominance around the Falkland Islands through its navy and aircraft, before
the deployment of ground troops. Britain wanted to create a so-called exclusion zone for 200
miles around the Islands, to prevent any Argentinian vessels operating around the Falklands. Argentina
tried to counter this strategy by surrounding the British Navy gathering in the Northeast
of the Falklands from the South and the Northwest of the Islands.
On May 1st the British operations on the Falklands opened with the “Black Buck 1” attack on the
airfield at Stanley, which did minimal damage to the aircraft runways on the Falklands,
but at the same time prevented the Argentines from stationing their air force directly on
the Islands. On May 2nd the British submarine HMS Conqueror
sank Argentinian light cruiser ARA General Belgrano, which forced the Southern part of
Argentine fleet to go back to the mainland and effectively killed the plan of surrounding
the British Navy. 323 crew members of the General Belgrano died in this incident, which
was almost half of the total Argentine casualties during the war.
Argentina retaliated two days later with the sinking of the destroyer HMS Sheffield with
an Exocet missile. Britain was not able to secure complete dominance
of air and sea around the Falklands, but still decided to proceed with deployment of its
troops to the Islands despite the risks. On May 21st the 4,000 men of 3 Commando Brigade
were put ashore as follows: 2nd Battalion, Parachute Regiment (2 Para)
from the RORO ferry Norland and 40 Commando Royal Marines from the amphibious ship HMS
Fearless were landed at San Carlos; 3rd Battalion, Parachute Regiment (3 Para) on the amphibious
ship HMS Intrepid landed at Port San Carlos (Green Beach) and 45 Commando from RFA Stromness
was landed at Ajax Bay (Red Beach). Argentina strengthened its attack on the British
Navy with an aim to destroy as much supply and support as they could to make the lives
of British troops in the Falklands as hard as possible. The following vessels were destroyed
between May 21-25: HMS Ardent on the 21st of May, HMS Antelope on the 24th May, and
MV Atlantic Conveyor on the 25th of May along with a vital cargo of helicopters, runway-building
equipment and tents. Also lost on this day was HMS Coventry. The initial British plan
was to move troops in helicopters over the island due to the very difficult landscape
of the Falklands for marching. The destruction of the helicopters was a very heavy blow for
the land campaign of the British Troops, since the land troops were forced to move on foot
instead. Argentina had 2000 of its troops in the East
Falklands, 1000 at Goose Green and around 10000 in the Stanley area. It is necessary
to note that, despite numerical superiority, the majority of the Argentine troops were
conscripts, which obviously meant that the Argentines were at a disadvantage in comparison
to the professional British troops. From early on the 27th of May until the 28th
of May, 2 Para – approximately 500 men – with artillery support from 8 Commando Battery,
Royal Artillery, approached and attacked Goose Green, which was held by the Argentine 12th
Infantry Regiment. The Argentines were on the ridge, giving them an advantage over the
British troops. 2 Para intended to complete the battle during the night, since they would
have been easy targets during daylight, but they failed to do so.
The British were able to succeed in pushing the Argentines deep into Goose Green after
14 hours of intense battle, due to the decision to send 2 companies to move around the ridge
and surprise the Argentines from their left flank, and the timely attack of 2 Harrier
Jets on the artillery positions of the 12th Infantry Regiment. Both sides were exhausted.
Despite being in a precarious position themselves, the British commander Keeble decided to take
his chances and send a request of surrender to the Argentines in a very confident and
demanding tone, threatening them with bombardment. The Argentine commander Piaggi reluctantly
agreed. As a result, 961 Argentine soldiers were taken as prisoners of war by the British.
A significant part of the Argentine troops were defeated.
By June 1st a further 5000 British troops arrived and the offensive on Stanley was to
start. Major General Moore was to lead the British offensive of around 9000 troopa. The
plan was to proceed in two stages. The first stage was to defeat the Argentine troops in
and around Mount Longdon, while the second stage focused on Mount Tumbledown. The success
of this plan would open the road to Stanley. The supplies and reinforcements were to be
transported by the Royal Fleet Auxiliary in Bluff Clove on June 8th at night, but due
to a lack of coordination the operation had to proceed in the daylight. This was spotted
by the Argentines and they launched an airstrike on those ships. As a result, the British suffered
their heaviest single loss in the Falklands War, with 56 servicemen killed. Argentine
General Mario Menéndez, commander of Argentine forces in the Falklands, was told that 900
British soldiers had died. He expected that the losses would cause enemy morale to drop
and the British assault to stall. The British assault on Mount Harriet, Two
Sisters and Mount Longdon started simultaneously on July 11th after a long and painful march
from San Carlos. After heavy fighting, Britain succeeded, despite losing 33 of its soldiers.
Argentina lost 59 personnelle. On the night of June 13th, Britain defeated
Argentina at Mount Tumbledown thanks to the immense bravery of the Scots Guards. This
battle cost 10 British lives and 30 Argentine and opened the road to Stanley for the British
Troops. On June 14th a ceasefire was declared and Britain was in control of the Falklands.
Argentina lost 649 servicemen versus 255 British losses in 74 days of conflict.
The Falklands War resulted in the restoration of the British reign over the Islands. Britain
started to invest more in the Islands and gradually surrendered more power to the residents
of the Falklands. Thatcher’s Conservative government became more popular and won the
general elections in the following year in a landslide, despite being behind in polls
prior to the start of the war. The military Junta was ousted in Argentina
partly due to the defeat in the Falklands War. Argentina restored democracy in 1983. We are planning to cover more modern conflicts
both on the Kings and Generals and our second channel The Cold War – the link to which
you can find in the description or in the top right corner, so make sure you are subscribed
to both. We would like to express our gratitude to our Patreon supporters and channel members,
who make the creation of our videos possible. Now, you can also support us by buying our
merchandise via the link in the description. This is the Kings and Generals channel, and
we will catch you on the next one.